Enduring voice recognition in bonobos
MetadataShow full item record
Long-term social recognition is vital for species with complex social networks, where familiar individuals can encounter one another after long periods of separation. For non-human primates who live in dense forest environments, visual access to one another is often limited, and recognition of social partners over distances largely depends on vocal communication. Vocal recognition after years of separation has never been reported in any great ape species, despite their complex societies and advanced social intelligence. Here we show that bonobos, Pan paniscus, demonstrate reliable vocal recognition of social partners, even if they have been separated for five years. We experimentally tested bonobos' responses to the calls of previous group members that had been transferred between captive groups. Despite long separations, subjects responded more intensely to familiar voices than to calls from unknown individuals - the first experimental evidence that bonobos can identify individuals utilising vocalisations even years after their last encounter. Our study also suggests that bonobos may cease to discriminate between familiar and unfamiliar individuals after a period of eight years, indicating that voice representations or interest could be limited in time in this species.
Keenan , S , Mathevon , N , Stevens , J M G , Guéry , J P , Zuberbühler , K & Levréro , F 2016 , ' Enduring voice recognition in bonobos ' Scientific Reports , vol 6 , 22046 . DOI: 10.1038/srep22046
Copyright 2016 The Authors. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material.
DescriptionWe would like to thank the French Ministère de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche (PhD grant to SK), the Université de Saint-Etienne (research sabbaticals to FL and NM, visiting professorship to KZ and research funding) and the European Research Council (KZ grant PRILANG 283871).
Items in the St Andrews Research Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.