Distribution of independent components of binocular natural images
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An influential theory of the function of early processing in the visual cortex is that it forms an efficient coding of ecologically valid stimuli. In particular, correlations and differences between visual signals from the two eyes are believed to be of great importance in solving both depth from disparity and binocular fusion. Techniques such as Independent Components Analysis have been developed to learn efficient codings from natural images; these codings have been found to resemble receptive fields of simple-cells in V1. However the extent to which this approach provides an explanation of the functionality of the visual cortex is still an open question. When binocular ICA components were compared with physiological measurements we found a broad range of similarities together with a number of key differences. In common with physiological measurements we found components with a broad range of both phase and position disparity tuning. However we have also found a larger population of binocularly anti-correlated components then has been found physiologically. We found components focused narrowly on detecting disparities proportional to half-integer multiples of wavelength rather than the range of disparities found physiologically. We present the results as a detailed analysis of phase and position disparities in Gabor-like components generated by Independent Components Analysis trained on binocular natural images and compare these results to physiology. We find strong similarities between components learned from natural images that indicate that ecologically valid stimuli are important in understanding cortical function, but with significant differences that suggest that our current models are incomplete.
Hunter , D W & Hibbard , P B 2015 , ' Distribution of independent components of binocular natural images ' Journal of Vision , vol 15 , no. 6 . DOI: 10.1167/15.13.6
Journal of Vision
Copyright 2015 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://dx.doi.org/10.1167/15.13.6
This work was supported by EPSRC Strategic Partnership Funds 2012-13 with University of St Andrews, Scotland, UK and the BBSRC [grant number BB/K018973/1]
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