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dc.contributor.authorGavine, Anna Jane
dc.contributor.authorDonnelly, Peter Duncan
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Damien John
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-24T15:10:10Z
dc.date.available2016-02-24T15:10:10Z
dc.date.issued2016-07
dc.identifier.citationGavine , A J , Donnelly , P D & Williams , D J 2016 , ' Effectiveness of universal school-based programmes for the primary prevention of violence in adolescents ' , Psychology of Violence , vol. 6 , no. 3 , pp. 390-399 . https://doi.org/10.1037/vio0000052en
dc.identifier.issn2152-0828
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 240812448
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 379ad8f7-8cb2-42c0-94ea-3d71363d5f4d
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84978492538
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000385914700004
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10023/8304
dc.description.abstractObjective: Violence is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality amongst young people. Primary preventive programs aimed at reducing the involvement of young people in violence are often implemented in a school setting. This systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of universal school-based programs aimed at the primary prevention of violence in 11-18 year olds. Method: A pre-defined search strategy was used to search various sources (i.e. databases, gray literature, previous reviews, and reference lists of included studies) for randomised design trials and quasi-experimental design trials published between 2002 and March 2014. After screening 8051 abstracts, 21 studies were identified that satisfied the inclusion/exclusion criteria. These studies evaluated 16 different programs based mainly in the US. Results: Due to the heterogeneity meta-analysis was not possible; thus a narrative synthesis was reported. The most effective interventions utilised social development and social norms components. Attitudes towards violence was the most frequently measured outcome with six studies reporting a beneficial effect and two reporting no effect; three of the six studies examining violent behaviour demonstrated a small beneficial effect; and four of the seven studies examining physical aggression demonstrated a small beneficial effect. Conclusions: In general, this review found limited evidence of the effectiveness of universal school-based programs in the primary prevention of violence in 11-18 year olds; however, those that combined social development and social norms approaches appeared to be the most effective. Additional qualitative research/process evaluation is required to establish the processes that underpin the success/failure of such programs in order to inform their refinement, and the future development of effective programs.
dc.format.extent10
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofPsychology of Violenceen
dc.rights© 2016, Publisher / the Author(s). This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at psycnet.apa.orgen
dc.subjectYouth violenceen
dc.subjectPrimary preventionen
dc.subjectSocial developmenten
dc.subjectSocial normsen
dc.subjectSystematic reviewen
dc.subjectEvaluationen
dc.subjectRA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicineen
dc.subjectNDASen
dc.subject.lccRA0421en
dc.titleEffectiveness of universal school-based programmes for the primary prevention of violence in adolescentsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPostprinten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Medicineen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.WHO Collaborating Centre for International Child & Adolescent Health Policyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Public Health Groupen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1037/vio0000052
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden


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