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dc.contributor.authorNowacek, Douglas P.
dc.contributor.authorClark, Christopher W.
dc.contributor.authorMann, David
dc.contributor.authorMiller, Patrick J. O.
dc.contributor.authorRosenbaum, Howard C.
dc.contributor.authorGolden, Jay S.
dc.contributor.authorJasny, Michael
dc.contributor.authorKraska, James
dc.contributor.authorSouthall, Brandon L.
dc.identifier.citationNowacek , D P , Clark , C W , Mann , D , Miller , P J O , Rosenbaum , H C , Golden , J S , Jasny , M , Kraska , J & Southall , B L 2015 , ' Marine seismic surveys and ocean noise : time for coordinated and prudent planning ' , Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment , vol. 13 , no. 7 , pp. 378-386 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 240770159
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: a4e58040-3250-40dd-ae09-e53a74dacdbc
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000360583200017
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84943785707
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000360583200017
dc.description.abstractMarine seismic surveys use intense (eg >= 230 decibel [dB] root mean square [RMS]) sound impulses to explore the ocean bottom for hydrocarbon deposits, conduct geophysical research, and establish resource claims under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The expansion of seismic surveys necessitates greater regional and international dialogue, partnerships, and planning to manage potential environmental risks. Data indicate several reasons for concern about the negative impacts of anthropogenic noise on numerous marine species, including habitat displacement, disruption of biologically important behaviors, masking of communication signals, chronic stress, and potential auditory damage. The sound impulses from seismic surveys - spanning temporal and spatial scales broader than those typically considered in environmental assessments - may have acute, cumulative, and chronic effects on marine organisms. Given the international and transboundary nature of noise from marine seismic surveys, we suggest the creation of an international regulatory instrument, potentially an annex to the existing International Convention on the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, to address the issue.
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Ecology and the Environmenten
dc.rights© The Ecological Society of America. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the final published version of the work, which was originally published at
dc.subjectMid-atlantic oceanen
dc.subjectIntermittent noiseen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectGC Oceanographyen
dc.titleMarine seismic surveys and ocean noise : time for coordinated and prudent planningen
dc.typeJournal itemen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Biologyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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