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dc.contributor.authorEdgar, Joanne
dc.contributor.authorHeld, Suzanne
dc.contributor.authorJones, Charlotte
dc.contributor.authorTroisi, Camille
dc.identifier.citationEdgar , J , Held , S , Jones , C & Troisi , C 2016 , ' Influences of maternal care on chicken welfare ' , Animals , vol. 6 , no. 1 , 2 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 240524630
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 7f1c027a-7d3f-40f2-852c-f25307fba9ad
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 26742081
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84955306391
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-4036-3848/work/40996093
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000422947100002
dc.descriptionThis review was funded by a BBSRC Future Leader Fellowship to Joanne Edgar.en
dc.description.abstractIn domestic chickens, the provision of maternal care strongly influences the behavioural development of chicks. Mother hens play an important role in directing their chicks' behaviour and are able to buffer their chicks' response to stressors. Chicks imprint upon their mother, who is key in directing the chicks' behaviour and in allowing them to develop food preferences. Chicks reared by a mother hen are less fearful and show higher levels of behavioural synchronisation than chicks reared artificially. In a commercial setting, more fearful chicks with unsynchronised behaviour are more likely to develop behavioural problems, such as feather pecking. As well as being an inherent welfare problem, fear can also lead to panic responses, smothering, and fractured bones. Despite the beneficial effects of brooding, it is not commercially viable to allow natural brooding on farms and so chicks are hatched in large incubators and reared artificially, without a mother hen. In this review we cover the literature demonstrating the important features of maternal care in domestic chickens, the behavioural consequences of deprivation and the welfare implications on commercial farms. We finish by suggesting ways to use research in natural maternal care to improve commercial chick rearing practice.
dc.rights© 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectAnimal welfareen
dc.subjectSocial learningen
dc.subjectSF Animal cultureen
dc.titleInfluences of maternal care on chicken welfareen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Biologyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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