Massive Dirac fermion observed in lanthanide-doped topological insulator thin films
MetadataShow full item record
The breaking of time reversal symmetry (TRS) in three-dimensional (3D) topological insulators (TIs), and thus the opening of a 'Dirac-mass gap' in the linearly dispersed Dirac surface state, is a prerequisite for unlocking exotic physical states. Introducing ferromagnetic long-range order by transition metal doping has been shown to break TRS. Here, we present the study of lanthanide (Ln) doped Bi2Te3, where the magnetic doping with high-moment lanthanides promises large energy gaps. Using molecular beam epitaxy, single-crystalline, rhombohedral thin films with Ln concentrations of up to ∼35%, substituting on Bi sites, were achieved for Dy, Gd, and Ho doping. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy shows the characteristic Dirac cone for Gd and Ho doping. In contrast, for Dy doping above a critical doping concentration, a gap opening is observed via the decreased spectral intensity at the Dirac point, indicating a topological quantum phase transition persisting up to room-temperature.
Harrison , S E , Collins-McIntyre , L J , Schönherr , P , Vailionis , A , Srot , V , Van Aken , P A , Kellock , A J , Pushp , A , Parkin , S S P , Harris , J S , Zhou , B , Chen , Y L & Hesjedal , T 2015 , ' Massive Dirac fermion observed in lanthanide-doped topological insulator thin films ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 5 , 15767 . https://doi.org/10.1038/srep15767
Copyright 2015 the Authors. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/