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dc.contributor.authorGluck, Rachel
dc.contributor.authorLynn, Debra Alana
dc.contributor.authorDritschel, Barbara
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Gillian Ruth
dc.identifier.citationGluck , R , Lynn , D A , Dritschel , B & Brown , G R 2014 , ' Sex differences in interpretation bias in adolescents ' , British Journal of Developmental Psychology , vol. 32 , no. 1 , pp. 116-122 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 82441732
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 6cfa6ce4-0844-4088-befe-9f5ccc354683
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84894241507
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-0675-0780/work/60195749
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000331435800011
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-0909-6323/work/64698248
dc.description.abstractInterpretation biases, in which ambiguous information is interpreted negatively, have been hypothesized to place adolescent females at greater risk of developing anxiety and mood disorders than same-aged males. We tested the hypothesis that adolescent girls interpret ambiguous scenarios more negatively, and/or less positively, than same-aged males using the Adolescent Interpretation and Belief Questionnaire (N = 67, 11–15 years old). We also tested whether adolescent girls and boys differed in judging positive or negative interpretations to be more believable and whether the scenario content (social vs. non-social) affected any sex difference in interpretation bias. The results showed that girls had higher average negative interpretation scores than boys, with no sex differences in positive interpretation scores. Girls and boys did not differ on which interpretation they found to be most believable. Both sexes reported that positive interpretations were less likely to come to mind, and were less believable, for social than for non-social scenarios. These results provide preliminary evidence for sex differences in interpretation biases in adolescence and support the hypothesis that social scenarios are a specific source of anxiety to this age group. A greater understanding of the aetiology of interpretation biases will potentially enhance sex- and age-specific interventions for anxiety and mood disorders.
dc.relation.ispartofBritish Journal of Developmental Psychologyen
dc.rights© 2014. The British Psychological Society. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Sex differences in interpretation bias in adolescents, Gluck, R., Lynn, D. A., Dritschel, B. & Brown, G. R. Mar 2014 In : British Journal of Developmental Psychology. 32, 1, p. 116-122, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.en
dc.subjectSocial phobiaen
dc.subjectInterpretive biasen
dc.subjectJudgement biasen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleSex differences in interpretation bias in adolescentsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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