Reducing aggressive intergroup action tendencies : effects of intergroup contact via perceived intergroup threat
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Two studies tested the prediction that more positive intergroup contact would be associated with reduced aggressive intergroup action tendencies, an effect predicted to occur indirectly via reduced intergroup threat perceptions, and over and above well-established effects of contact on intergroup attitudes. Study 1, using data based on a cross-section of the general population of eight European countries (France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, and the UK; N=7,042), examined this hypothesis in the context of aggressive action tendencies towards immigrants. Study 2, using longitudinal data obtained from a general population sample in Northern Ireland, considered effects on aggressive action tendencies between ethno-religious groups in conflict. Both studies confirmed our predictions, showing that while perceived threat was associated with greater intergroup aggressive tendencies, positive intergroup contact was indirectly associated with reduced aggressive action tendencies, via reduced intergroup threat. Findings are discussed in terms of the theoretical contributions of this research for understanding the relationship between intergroup contact and intergroup aggression.
Schmid , K , Hewstone , M , Küpper , B , Zick , A & Tausch , N 2014 , ' Reducing aggressive intergroup action tendencies : effects of intergroup contact via perceived intergroup threat ' Aggressive Behavior , vol 40 , no. 3 , pp. 250-262 . DOI: 10.1002/ab.21516
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Schmid, K., Hewstone, M., Küpper, B., Zick, A. and Tausch, N. (2014), Reducing aggressive intergroup action tendencies: Effects of intergroup contact via perceived intergroup threat. Aggr. Behav., 40: 250–262., which has been published in final form at https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21516. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Katharina Schmid and Miles Hewstone gratefully acknowledge support from the Leverhulme Trust that facilitated the writing of this paper.
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