Tunable carrier multiplication and cooling in graphene
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Time- and angle-resolved photoemission measurements on two doped graphene samples displaying different doping levels reveal remarkable differences in the ultrafast dynamics of the hot carriers in the Dirac cone. In the more strongly (n-)doped graphene, we observe larger carrier multiplication factors (>3) and a significantly faster phonon-mediated cooling of the carriers back to equilibrium compared to in the less (p-)doped graphene. These results suggest that a careful tuning of the doping level allows for an effective manipulation of graphene's dynamical response to a photoexcitation.
Johannsen , J C , Ulstrup , S , Crepaldi , A , Cilento , F , Zacchigna , M , Miwa , J A , Cacho , C , Chapman , R T , Springate , E , Fromm , F , Raidel , C , Seyller , T , King , P , Parmigiani , F , Grioni , M & Hofmann , P 2015 , ' Tunable carrier multiplication and cooling in graphene ' Nano Letters , vol. 15 , no. 1 , pp. 326-331 . DOI: 10.1021/nl503614v
Copyright © 2014 American Chemical Society. This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Nano Letters, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl503614v
DescriptionThe authors acknowledge financial support from the VILLUM foundation, The Danish Council for Independent Research, the Lundbeck Foundation, the Swiss National Science Foundation (NSF), EPSRC, The Royal Society and the Italian Ministry of University and Research (Grants No. FIRBRBAP045JF2 and No. FIRB-RBAP06AWK3).
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