Binding dynamics of a monomeric SSB protein to DNA : a single-molecule multi-process approach
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Single-stranded DNA binding proteins (SSBs) are ubiquitous across all organisms and are characterized by the presence of an OB (oligonucleotide/oligosaccharide/oligopeptide) binding motif to recognize single-stranded DNA (ssDNA). Despite their critical role in genome maintenance, our knowledge about SSB function is limited to proteins containing multiple OB-domains and little is known about single OB-folds interacting with ssDNA. Sulfolobus solfataricus SSB (SsoSSB) contains a single OB-fold and being the simplest representative of the SSB-family may serve as a model to understand fundamental aspects of SSB:DNA interactions. Here, we introduce a novel approach based on the competition between Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET), protein-induced fluorescence enhancement (PIFE) and quenching to dissect SsoSSB binding dynamics at singlemonomer resolution. We demonstrate that SsoSSB follows amonomer-by-monomer binding mechanism that involves a positive-cooperativity component between adjacent monomers. We found that SsoSSB dynamic behaviour is closer to that of Replication Protein A than to Escherichia coli SSB; a feature that might be inherited from the structural analogies of their DNA-binding domains. We hypothesize that SsoSSB has developed a balance between highdensity binding and a highly dynamic interaction with ssDNA to ensure efficient protection of the genome but still allow access to ssDNA during vital cellular processes.
Morten , M J , Peregrina , J R , Figueira-Gonzalez , M , Ackermann , K , Bode , B E , White , M F & Penedo , C 2015 , ' Binding dynamics of a monomeric SSB protein to DNA : a single-molecule multi-process approach ' Nucleic Acids Research , vol 43 , no. 22 , pp. 10907-10924 . DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkv1225
Nucleic Acids Research
© The Author(s) 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
People Programme of the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme [REA 334496 to B.E.B.]; Leonardo da Vinci European Union Programme (to M.F.G.); Wellcome Trust [099149/Z/12/Z, 091825/Z/10/Z]. Funding for open access charge: Wellcome Trust; University of St Andrews.