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dc.contributor.authorOliver, D.M.
dc.contributor.authorHanley, Nicholas David
dc.contributor.authorvan Niekerk, M.
dc.contributor.authorKay, D.
dc.contributor.authorHeathwaite, A.L.
dc.contributor.authorRabinovici, S.J.M.
dc.contributor.authorKinzelman, J.L.
dc.contributor.authorFleming, L.E.
dc.contributor.authorPorter, J.
dc.contributor.authorShaikh, S.
dc.contributor.authorFish, R.
dc.contributor.authorChilton, S.
dc.contributor.authorHewitt, J.
dc.contributor.authorConnolly, E.
dc.contributor.authorCummins, A.
dc.contributor.authorGlenk, K.
dc.contributor.authorMcPhail, C.
dc.contributor.authorMcRory, E.
dc.contributor.authorMcVittie, A.
dc.contributor.authorGiles, A.
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, S.
dc.contributor.authorSimpson, K.
dc.contributor.authorTinch, D.
dc.contributor.authorThairs, T.
dc.contributor.authorAvery, L.M.
dc.contributor.authorVinten, A.J.A.
dc.contributor.authorWatts, B.D.
dc.contributor.authorQuilliam, R.S.
dc.identifier.citationOliver , D M , Hanley , N D , van Niekerk , M , Kay , D , Heathwaite , A L , Rabinovici , S J M , Kinzelman , J L , Fleming , L E , Porter , J , Shaikh , S , Fish , R , Chilton , S , Hewitt , J , Connolly , E , Cummins , A , Glenk , K , McPhail , C , McRory , E , McVittie , A , Giles , A , Roberts , S , Simpson , K , Tinch , D , Thairs , T , Avery , L M , Vinten , A J A , Watts , B D & Quilliam , R S 2015 , ' Molecular tools for bathing water assessment in Europe : balancing social science research with a rapidly developing environmental science evidence-base ' , Ambio .
dc.descriptionThe Working Group and associated workshop series were funded by the Natural Environment Research Council as part of the Delivering Healthy Water project (NE/I022191/1). LF received funding in part by the European Regional Development Fund Programme and the European Social Fund Convergence Programme for Cornwall and the Isles of Scillyen
dc.description.abstractThe use of molecular tools, principally qPCR, versus traditional culture-based methods for quantifying microbial parameters (e.g., Fecal Indicator Organisms) in bathing waters generates considerable ongoing debate at the science–policy interface. Advances in science have allowed the development and application of molecular biological methods for rapid (~2 h) quantification of microbial pollution in bathing and recreational waters. In contrast, culture-based methods can take between 18 and 96 h for sample processing. Thus, molecular tools offer an opportunity to provide a more meaningful statement of microbial risk to water-users by providing near-real-time information enabling potentially more informed decision-making with regard to water-based activities. However, complementary studies concerning the potential costs and benefits of adopting rapid methods as a regulatory tool are in short supply. We report on findings from an international Working Group that examined the breadth of social impacts, challenges, and research opportunities associated with the application of molecular tools to bathing water regulations.
dc.subjectBathing Water Directiveen
dc.subjectFecal indicator organismen
dc.subjectMicrobial pollutionen
dc.subjectPublic perceptionen
dc.subjectRecreational water qualityen
dc.subjectRisk communicationen
dc.subjectGE Environmental Sciencesen
dc.titleMolecular tools for bathing water assessment in Europe : balancing social science research with a rapidly developing environmental science evidence-baseen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Social Anthropologyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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