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dc.contributor.authorCarroll, Emma Louise
dc.contributor.authorBaker, C. Scott
dc.contributor.authorWatson, Mandy
dc.contributor.authorAlderman, Rachael
dc.contributor.authorBannister, John
dc.contributor.authorGaggiotti, Oscar Eduardo
dc.contributor.authorGröcke, Darren
dc.contributor.authorPatenaude, Nathalie
dc.contributor.authorHarcourt, Robert
dc.identifier.citationCarroll , E L , Baker , C S , Watson , M , Alderman , R , Bannister , J , Gaggiotti , O E , Gröcke , D , Patenaude , N & Harcourt , R 2015 , ' Cultural traditions across a migratory network shape the genetic structure of southern right whales around Australia and New Zealand ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 5 , 16182 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 229627356
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 9500152a-37f9-421b-8f64-9eee444337e8
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84946935363
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000364290400001
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-1827-1493/work/61370111
dc.descriptionELC was supported by the AMMC and a Newton Fellowship from the Royal Society and RH in part by a Sitka Sound Science Centre Scientist in Residency Fellowship. OEG acknowledges support from the MASTS pooling initiative (The Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland).en
dc.description.abstractFidelity to migratory destinations is an important driver of connectivity in marine and avian species. Here we assess the role of maternally directed learning of migratory habitats, or migratory culture, on the population structure of the endangered Australian and New Zealand southern right whale. Using DNA profiles, comprising mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplotypes (500 bp), microsatellite genotypes (17 loci) and sex from 128 individually-identified whales, we find significant differentiation among winter calving grounds based on both mtDNA haplotype (FST = 0.048, ΦST = 0.109, p < 0.01) and microsatellite allele frequencies (FST=0.008, p<0.01), consistent with long-term fidelity to calving areas. However, most genetic comparisons of calving grounds and migratory corridors were not significant, supporting the idea that whales from different calving grounds mix in migratory corridors. Furthermore, we find a significant relationship between δ13C stable isotope profiles of 66 Australian southern right whales, a proxy for feeding ground location, and both mtDNA haplotypes and kinship inferred from microsatellite-based estimators of relatedness. This indicates migratory culture may influence genetic structure on feeding grounds. This fidelity to migratory destinations is likely to influence population recovery, as long-term estimates of historical abundance derived from estimates of genetic diversity indicate the South Pacific calving grounds remain at <10% of pre- whaling abundance.
dc.relation.ispartofScientific Reportsen
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit
dc.subjectGE Environmental Sciencesen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectSDG 14 - Life Below Wateren
dc.titleCultural traditions across a migratory network shape the genetic structure of southern right whales around Australia and New Zealanden
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sea Mammal Research Uniten
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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