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dc.contributor.authorNew, Leslie Frances
dc.contributor.authorHall, Ailsa Jane
dc.contributor.authorHarcourt, R.
dc.contributor.authorKaufman, G.
dc.contributor.authorParsons, E.C.M.
dc.contributor.authorPearson, H.C.
dc.contributor.authorCosentino, A.M.
dc.contributor.authorSchick, Robert Schilling
dc.identifier.citationNew , L F , Hall , A J , Harcourt , R , Kaufman , G , Parsons , E C M , Pearson , H C , Cosentino , A M & Schick , R S 2015 , ' The modelling and assessment of whale-watching impacts ' , Ocean and Coastal Management , vol. 115 , pp. 10-16 .
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-7562-1771/work/47136288
dc.description.abstractIn recent years there has been significant interest in modelling cumulative effects and the population consequences of individual changes in cetacean behaviour and physiology due to disturbance. One potential source of disturbance that has garnered particular interest is whale-watching. Though perceived as 'green' or eco-friendly tourism, there is evidence that whale-watching can result in statistically significant and biologically meaningful changes in cetacean behaviour, raising the question whether whale-watching is in fact a long term sustainable activity. However, an assessment of the impacts of whale-watching on cetaceans requires an understanding of the potential behavioural and physiological effects, data to effectively address the question and suitable modelling techniques. Here, we review the current state of knowledge on the viability of long-term whale-watching, as well as logistical limitations and potential opportunities. We conclude that an integrated, coordinated approach will be needed to further understanding of the possible effects of whale-watching on cetaceans.
dc.relation.ispartofOcean and Coastal Managementen
dc.subjectAnthropogenic impactsen
dc.subjectMarine mammalsen
dc.subjectSustainable tourismen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectQL Zoologyen
dc.subjectHA Statisticsen
dc.subjectSDG 8 - Decent Work and Economic Growthen
dc.subjectSDG 12 - Responsible Consumption and Productionen
dc.subjectSDG 13 - Climate Actionen
dc.subjectSDG 14 - Life Below Wateren
dc.titleThe modelling and assessment of whale-watching impactsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.sponsorOffice of Naval Researchen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sea Mammal Research Uniten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Mathematics and Statisticsen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Research into Ecological & Environmental Modellingen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden
dc.identifier.grantnumberAgreement R8-H12-86en

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