Show simple item record

Files in this item


Item metadata

dc.contributor.authorReynolds, Vernon
dc.contributor.authorLloyd, Andrew W.
dc.contributor.authorEnglish, Christopher J.
dc.contributor.authorLyons, Peter
dc.contributor.authorDodd, Howard
dc.contributor.authorHobaiter, Catherine
dc.contributor.authorNewton-Fisher, Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorMullins, Caroline
dc.contributor.authorLamon, Noemie
dc.contributor.authorSchel, Anne Marijke
dc.contributor.authorFallon, Brittany
dc.identifier.citationReynolds , V , Lloyd , A W , English , C J , Lyons , P , Dodd , H , Hobaiter , C , Newton-Fisher , N , Mullins , C , Lamon , N , Schel , A M & Fallon , B 2015 , ' Mineral acquisition from clay by Budongo Forest chimpanzees ' , PLoS One , vol. 10 , no. 7 , 0134075 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 211297813
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 3781e489-9001-444d-8582-a73c86405a57
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000358595900073
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84942028613
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-3893-0524/work/46125084
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000358595900073
dc.descriptionDate of Acceptance: 06/07/2015en
dc.description.abstractChimpanzees of the Sonso community, Budongo Forest, Uganda were observed eating clay and drinking clay-water from waterholes. We show that clay, clay-rich water, and clay obtained with leaf sponges, provide a range of minerals in different concentrations. The presence of aluminium in the clay consumed indicates that it takes the form of kaolinite. We discuss the contribution of clay geophagy to the mineral intake of the Sonso chimpanzees and show that clay eaten using leaf sponges is particularly rich in minerals. We show that termite mound soil, also regularly consumed, is rich in minerals. We discuss the frequency of clay and termite soil geophagy in the context of the disappearance from Budongo Forest of a formerly rich source of minerals, the decaying pith of Raphia farinifera palms.
dc.relation.ispartofPLoS Oneen
dc.rights© 2015 Reynolds et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are crediteden
dc.subjectWild chimpanzeesen
dc.subjectSoil consumptionen
dc.subjectKibale foresten
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleMineral acquisition from clay by Budongo Forest chimpanzeesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record