Seeing the wood for the trees : philosophical aspects of classical, Bayesian and likelihood approaches in statistical inference and some implications for phylogenetic analysis
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The three main approaches in statistical inference – classical statistics, Bayesian and likelihood – are in current use in phylogeny research. The three approaches are discussed and compared, with particular emphasis on theoretical properties illustrated by simple thought-experiments. The methods are problematic on axiomatic grounds (classical statistics), extra-mathematical grounds relating to the use of a prior (Bayesian inference) or practical grounds (likelihood). This essay aims to increase understanding of these limits among those with an interest in phylogeny.
Barker , D 2015 , ' Seeing the wood for the trees : philosophical aspects of classical, Bayesian and likelihood approaches in statistical inference and some implications for phylogenetic analysis ' , Biology and Philosophy , vol. 30 , no. 4 , pp. 505-525 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10539-014-9455-x
Biology and Philosophy
© 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published online Biology and Philosophy on 19 July 2014, available online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10539-014-9455-x
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