Building trust in a postconflict society : an integrative model of cross-group friendship and intergroup emotions
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Across one longitudinal and two cross-sectional surveys in Northern Ireland, we tested a model of intergroup relations in which out-group attitudes and behavioral tendencies are predicted by cross-group friendship and positive intergroup appraisals, mediated by intergroup emotions and out-group trust. In study 1, out-group friendship at time 1 predicted out-group trust at time 2 (one year later), controlling for prior out-group trust. In study 2, positive and negative intergroup emotions mediated the effects of friendship on positive and negative behavioral tendencies and attitudes. In study 3, a confirmatory factor analysis indicated that trust and emotions are distinct constructs with unique predictive contributions. We then tested a model in which cross-group friendship predicted intergroup emotions and trust through intimate self-disclosure in out-group friendships. Our findings support an integration of an intergroup emotions framework with research highlighting the importance of cross-group friendship in fostering positive intergroup outcomes.
Kenworthy , J B , Voci , A , Al Ramiah , A , Tausch , N , Hughes , J & Hewstone , M 2016 , ' Building trust in a postconflict society : an integrative model of cross-group friendship and intergroup emotions ' Journal of Conflict Resolution , vol 60 , no. 6 , pp. 1041-1070 . DOI: 10.1177/0022002714564427
Journal of Conflict Resolution
Copyright 2015 the Authors. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022002714564427
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship and/or publication of this article: Study 1 was supported by a grant from the Community Relations Unit, Northern Ireland, awarded to Miles Hewstone, Ed Cairns, and Joanne Hughes. We gratefully acknowledge the Russell Sage Foundation for their grant support for studies 2 and 3.
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