Extended contact effects as a function of closeness of relationship with ingroup contacts
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Using survey data from Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland (N = 428), the authors examined the effects of extended contact via different types of ingroup contacts (neighbors, work colleagues, friends, and family members) and tested whether closeness to ingroup contacts moderated the effects of extended contact on outgroup trust. Results demonstrated that extended contact effects varied as a function of the relationship to ingroup contacts, and that extended contact interacted with closeness ratings in predicting outgroup trust. Consistent with hypotheses, extended contacts via more intimate ingroup relationships (i.e., friends and family) were overall more strongly related to outgroup trust than extended contacts via less intimate ingroup relations (i.e., neighbors and work colleagues). Moreover, within each level of intimacy extended contact was related to outgroup trust only at high, and not at low, levels of rated closeness to ingroup contacts. The theoretical contributions, limitations and practical implications of these findings are discussed.
Tausch , N , Hewstone , M , Schmid , K , Hughes , J & Cairns , E 2011 , ' Extended contact effects as a function of closeness of relationship with ingroup contacts ' Group Processes and Intergroup Relations , vol. 14 , no. 2 , pp. 239-254 . DOI: 10.1177/1368430210390534
Group Processes and Intergroup Relations
Copyright 2011 the Authors. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1368430210390534
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