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dc.contributor.authorMiller, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorKvadsheim, P H
dc.contributor.authorLam, F P A
dc.contributor.authorTyack, Peter Lloyd
dc.contributor.authorCuré, C
dc.contributor.authorDe Ruiter, Stacy Lynn
dc.contributor.authorKleivane, L
dc.contributor.authorSivle, L D
dc.contributor.authorvan IJsselmuide, S P
dc.contributor.authorVisser, F
dc.contributor.authorWensveen, Paulus Jacobus
dc.contributor.authorvon Benda-Beckmann, A M
dc.contributor.authorMartin Lopez, Lucia Martina
dc.contributor.authorNarazaki, Tomoko
dc.contributor.authorHooker, Sascha Kate
dc.date.accessioned2015-06-29T15:10:01Z
dc.date.available2015-06-29T15:10:01Z
dc.date.issued2015-06-03
dc.identifier.citationMiller , P , Kvadsheim , P H , Lam , F P A , Tyack , P L , Curé , C , De Ruiter , S L , Kleivane , L , Sivle , L D , van IJsselmuide , S P , Visser , F , Wensveen , P J , von Benda-Beckmann , A M , Martin Lopez , L M , Narazaki , T & Hooker , S K 2015 , ' First indications that northern bottlenose whales are sensitive to behavioural disturbance from anthropogenic noise ' , Royal Society Open Science , vol. 2 , 140484 . https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.140484en
dc.identifier.issn2054-5703
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 193889299
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: f46a43f7-5145-48d6-aedc-3502737c4253
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84958087671
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-7518-3548/work/47136147
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-2984-8606/work/49891151
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000377965800010
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-8409-4790/work/60887856
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10023/6872
dc.description.abstractAlthough northern bottlenose whales were the most heavily hunted beaked whale, we have little information about this species in its remote habitat of the North Atlantic Ocean. Underwater anthropogenic noise and disruption of their natural habitat may be major threats, given the sensitivity of other beaked whales to such noise disturbance. We attached dataloggers to 13 northern bottlenose whales and compared their natural sounds and movements to those of one individual exposed to escalating levels of 1–2 kHz upsweep naval sonar signals. At a received sound pressure level (SPL) of 98 dB re 1 μPa, the whale turned to approach the sound source, but at a received SPL of 107 dB re 1 μPa, the whale began moving in an unusually straight course and then made a near 180° turn away from the source, and performed the longest and deepest dive (94 min, 2339 m) recorded for this species. Animal movement parameters differed significantly from baseline for more than 7 h until the tag fell off 33–36 km away. No clicks were emitted during the response period, indicating cessation of normal echolocation-based foraging. A sharp decline in both acoustic and visual detections of conspecifics after exposure suggests other whales in the area responded similarly. Though more data are needed, our results indicate high sensitivity of this species to acoustic disturbance, with consequent risk from marine industrialization and naval activity.
dc.format.extent11
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofRoyal Society Open Scienceen
dc.rightsCopyright 2015 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.en
dc.subjectBottlenose whaleen
dc.subjectAnthropogenic noiseen
dc.subjectBehavioural responseen
dc.subjectMitigationen
dc.subjectNaval sonaren
dc.subjectHyperoodon ampullatusen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subject.lccQH301en
dc.titleFirst indications that northern bottlenose whales are sensitive to behavioural disturbance from anthropogenic noiseen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Bioacoustics groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Sea Mammal Research Uniten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Sound Tags Groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.St Andrews Sustainability Instituteen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.140484
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden


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