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dc.contributor.authorWebster, Michael Munro
dc.contributor.authorLaland, Kevin Neville
dc.identifier.citationWebster , M M & Laland , K N 2015 , ' Public information use by foraging ninespine sticklebacks : social learning or an unlearned social influence on travel direction? ' , Behaviour , vol. 152 , no. 11 , pp. 1569-1584 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 187184416
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: dfcba9ba-cda0-4d43-919f-caf231fed090
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84940988284
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-9597-6871/work/60427827
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-2457-0900/work/60630437
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000359994100007
dc.description.abstractIf we are to understand the cognitive basis and evolutionary origins of a particular behaviour, it is necessary to identify its underlying mechanism. Ninespine sticklebacks (Pungitius pungitius) can identify the richer of two prey patches by observing other foragers’ success. This may be due to social learning, or an unlearned social effect on travel direction, brought about by the fish being more likely to face and subsequently travel towards areas where they have observed more feeding activity. Here we show that observer orientation does not predict patch choice, and that fish are still more likely to spend more time in richer patches even if they have to take an indirect route to reach them. This suggests that sticklebacks can learn the location of the richer patch through observation, and viewed in conjunction with other published findings, suggests that learned local enhancement lies behind public information use in this species.
dc.rights© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2015en
dc.subjectLocal enhancementen
dc.subjectSocial learning strategiesen
dc.subjectSocial transmissionen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.titlePublic information use by foraging ninespine sticklebacks : social learning or an unlearned social influence on travel direction?en
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.sponsorEuropean Research Councilen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Biological Diversityen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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