Computing the aqueous solubility of organic drug-like molecules and understanding hydrophobicity
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This thesis covers a range of methodologies to provide an account of the current (2010-2014) state of the art and to develop new methods for solubility prediction. We focus on predictions of intrinsic aqueous solubility, as this is a measure commonly used in many important industries including the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries. These industries require fast and accurate methods, two objectives which are rarely complementary. We apply machine learning in chapters 4 and 5 suggesting methodologies to meet these objectives. In chapter 4 we look to combine machine learning, cheminformatics and chemical theory. Whilst in chapter 5 we look to predict related properties to solubility and apply them to a previously derived empirical equation. We also look at ab initio (from first principles) methods of solubility prediction. This is shown in chapter 3. In this chapter we present a proof of concept work that shows intrinsic aqueous solubility predictions, of sufficient accuracy to be used in industry, are now possible from theoretical chemistry using a small but diverse dataset. Chapter 6 provides a summary of our most recent research. We have begun to investigate predictions of sublimation thermodynamics. We apply quantum chemical, lattice minimisation and machine learning techniques in this chapter. In summary, this body of work concludes that currently, QSPR/QSAR methods remain the current state of the art for solubility prediction, although it is becoming possible for purely theoretical methods to achieve useful predictions of solubility. Theoretical chemistry can offer little useful additional input to informatics models for solubility predictions. However, theoretical chemistry will be crucial for enriching our understanding of the solvation process, and can have a beneficial impact when applied to informatics predictions of properties related to solubility.
Thesis, PhD Doctor of Philosophy
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