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dc.contributor.authorSmith, Oliver
dc.contributor.authorMomber, Garry
dc.contributor.authorBates, C. Richard
dc.contributor.authorGarwood, Paul
dc.contributor.authorFitch, Simon
dc.contributor.authorPallen, Mark
dc.contributor.authorGaffney, Vincent
dc.contributor.authorAllaby, Robin G.
dc.identifier.citationSmith , O , Momber , G , Bates , C R , Garwood , P , Fitch , S , Pallen , M , Gaffney , V & Allaby , R G 2015 , ' Sedimentary DNA from a submerged site reveals wheat in the British Isles 8000 years ago ' , Science , vol. 347 , no. 6225 , pp. 998-1001 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 171380576
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 7fed35f5-41ba-4e19-9f8d-774776841f03
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84923775342
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000349958900040
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 25722413
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-9147-7151/work/29591584
dc.description.abstractThe Mesolithic-to-Neolithic transition marked the time when a hunter-gatherer economy gave way to agriculture, coinciding with rising sea levels. Bouldnor Cliff, is a submarine archaeological site off the Isle of Wight in the United Kingdom that has a well-preserved Mesolithic paleosol dated to 8000 years before the present. We analyzed a core obtained from sealed sediments, combining evidence from microgeomorphology and microfossils with sedimentary ancient DNA (sedaDNA) analyses to reconstruct floral and faunal changes during the occupation of this site, before it was submerged. In agreement with palynological analyses, the sedaDNA sequences suggest a mixed habitat of oak forest and herbaceous plants. However, they also provide evidence of wheat 2000 years earlier than mainland Britain and 400 years earlier than proximate European sites. These results suggest that sophisticated social networks linked the Neolithic front in southern Europe to the Mesolithic peoples of northern Europe.
dc.rightsCopyright 2015. The Authors. This is the author’s version of the work. It is posted here by permission of the AAAS for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Science 347 27/02/2015, DOI: 10.1126/science.1261278en
dc.subjectCC Archaeologyen
dc.subjectD051 Ancient Historyen
dc.subjectGE Environmental Sciencesen
dc.subjectGC Oceanographyen
dc.titleSedimentary DNA from a submerged site reveals wheat in the British Isles 8000 years agoen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Earth and Environmental Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Ancient Environmental Studiesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. St Andrews Sustainability Instituteen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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