Spatial mobility and social outcomes
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This paper examines the nature and extent of socio-spatial mobility in Great Britain. In contrast with previous studies, we investigate the entire spectrum of moves within and across the hierarchical structure of neighbourhoods. We use data from the British Household Panel Survey to trace moves between neighbourhoods defined using the Indices of Multiple Deprivation. We define upward socio-spatial mobility as moving to neighbourhoods with greater levels of advantage (lower levels of deprivation), and downward socio-spatial mobility as the shift to less advantaged neighbourhoods. As expected, the results show that there are strong associations between origin and destination neighbourhood types. We find that education and income play critical roles in the ability of individuals to make neighbourhood gains when they move. An important finding of the research is the way in which the housing market structurally conditions socio-spatial mobility. In the UK and probably more broadly, the opportunity to move to socially advantaged places is highly stratified by housing tenure.
Clark , W A V , van Ham , M & Coulter , R 2014 , ' Spatial mobility and social outcomes ' Journal of Housing and the Built Environment , vol 29 , no. 4 , pp. 699-727 . DOI: 10.1007/s10901-013-9375-0
Journal of Housing and the Built Environment
Copyright Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013. This is an Open Access article published by Springer, https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10901-013-9375-0
The research reported in this paper was made possible through the financial support of the Marie Curie programme under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013) / Career Integration Grant n. PCIG10-GA-2011-303728 (CIG Grant NBHCHOICE, Neighbourhood choice, neighbourhood sorting, and neighbourhood effects). The authors also acknowledge the UK Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC RES-074-27-0020).