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dc.contributor.authorWang, Z.
dc.contributor.authorLuo, H.
dc.contributor.authorNick, M.
dc.contributor.authorGueorguieva, M.
dc.contributor.authorAndre, P.
dc.contributor.authorBaker, R.T.
dc.contributor.authorMcLean, D.
dc.contributor.authorBrown, S.
dc.contributor.authorCuschieri, A.
dc.identifier.citationWang , Z , Luo , H , Nick , M , Gueorguieva , M , Andre , P , Baker , R T , McLean , D , Brown , S & Cuschieri , A 2014 , ' Electrical conductivity measurement in Thiel-embalmed tissue model : relevance to radiofrequency ablation ' , Electronics Letters , vol. 50 , no. 16 , pp. 1125-1127 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 148650251
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: e6956052-d0eb-47e1-85fb-e5e6e327c750
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84905254834
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-3304-3280/work/59464818
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000341023800012
dc.descriptionPA gratefully acknowledges SUPA for funding his Advanced Research Fellowship.en
dc.description.abstractThiel-embalmed human cadaveric specimens are used widely for biomedical scientific investigation. This Letter reports electrical impedance measurements of Thiel-embalming solutions from 1 Hz to 32 MHz. Compared with other solutions studied, Thiel solution has the lowest impedance throughout the test spectrum. The electrical conductivity of a Thiel-embalmed liver sample exhibited a relatively flat frequency response from 100 to 500 kHz, which is the frequency range used for electro-surgery and radiofrequency tumour ablation (RFA). It measured 5 Sm-1 compared with 0.22 Sm-1 obtained from ex-vivo fresh pig liver. Using finite element modelling and experimental evaluation, the ablation zone obtained from the Thiel-embalmed liver sample was extremely small due to its much higher conductivity. Hence, it is concluded that Thiel-embalmed tissue cannot be used as a reliable model for RFA evaluation.
dc.relation.ispartofElectronics Lettersen
dc.rights© 2014. The Institution of Engineering and Technology. This paper is a postprint of a paper submitted to and accepted for publication in Electronics Letters and is subject to Institution of Engineering and Technology Copyright. The copy of record is available at IET Digital Libraryen
dc.subjectQD Chemistryen
dc.subjectR Medicineen
dc.titleElectrical conductivity measurement in Thiel-embalmed tissue model : relevance to radiofrequency ablationen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Physics and Astronomyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Chemistryen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.St Andrews Sustainability Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.EaSTCHEMen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Medicineen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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