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dc.contributor.authorClaidière, Nicolas
dc.contributor.authorWhiten, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorMareno, Mary C
dc.contributor.authorMesser, Emily J E
dc.contributor.authorBrosnan, Sarah F
dc.contributor.authorHopper, Lydia M
dc.contributor.authorLambeth, Susan P
dc.contributor.authorSchapiro, Steven J
dc.contributor.authorMcGuigan, Nicola
dc.identifier.citationClaidière , N , Whiten , A , Mareno , M C , Messer , E J E , Brosnan , S F , Hopper , L M , Lambeth , S P , Schapiro , S J & McGuigan , N 2015 , ' Selective and contagious prosocial resource donation in capuchin monkeys, chimpanzees and humans ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 5 , 7631 .
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-2426-5890/work/65013988
dc.descriptionThe project was supported by a grant from the John Templeton Foundation (Ref 20721) to AW.en
dc.description.abstractProsocial acts benefitting others are widespread amongst humans. By contrast, chimpanzees have failed to demonstrate such a disposition in several studies, leading some authors to conclude that the forms of prosociality studied evolved in humans since our common ancestry. However, similar prosocial behavior has since been documented in other primates, such as capuchin monkeys. Here, applying the same methodology to humans, chimpanzees, and capuchins, we provide evidence that all three species will display prosocial behavior, but only in certain conditions. Fundamental forms of prosociality were age-dependent in children, conditional on self-beneficial resource distributions even at age seven, and conditional on social or resource configurations in chimpanzees and capuchins. We provide the first evidence that experience of conspecific companions' prosocial behavior facilitates prosocial behavior in children and chimpanzees. Prosocial actions were manifested in all three species following rules of contingency that may reflect strategically adaptive responses.
dc.relation.ispartofScientific Reportsen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleSelective and contagious prosocial resource donation in capuchin monkeys, chimpanzees and humansen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.sponsorJohn Templeton Foundationen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. ‘Living Links to Human Evolution’ Research Centreen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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