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dc.contributor.authorStimpert, Alison
dc.contributor.authorDe Ruiter, Stacy Lynn
dc.contributor.authorSouthall, Brandon
dc.contributor.authorMoretti, David
dc.contributor.authorFalcone, Erin
dc.contributor.authorGoldbogen, Jeremy
dc.contributor.authorFriedlaender, Ari
dc.contributor.authorSchorr, Greg
dc.contributor.authorCalambokidis, John
dc.identifier.citationStimpert , A , De Ruiter , S L , Southall , B , Moretti , D , Falcone , E , Goldbogen , J , Friedlaender , A , Schorr , G & Calambokidis , J 2014 , ' Acoustic and foraging behavior of a Baird’s beaked whale, Berardius bairdii , exposed to simulated sonar ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 4 , 7031 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 157703663
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 75598466-8e58-413f-a4de-331da6148e24
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84922575028
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000344762200006
dc.descriptionResearch was supported by the US Navy Chief of Naval Operations, Environmental Readiness Program, the Office of Naval Research, the Naval Postgraduate School, and the National Research Council.en
dc.description.abstractBeaked whales are hypothesized to be particularly sensitive to anthropogenic noise, based on previous strandings and limited experimental and observational data. However, few species have been studied in detail. We describe the underwater behavior of a Baird's beaked whale (Berardius bairdii) from the first deployment of a multi-sensor acoustic tag on this species. The animal exhibited shallow (23 ± 15 m max depth), intermediate (324 ± 49 m), and deep (1138 ± 243 m) dives. Echolocation clicks were produced with a mean inter-click interval of approximately 300 ms and peak frequency of 25 kHz. Two deep dives included presumed foraging behavior, with echolocation pulsed sounds (presumed prey capture attempts) associated with increased maneuvering, and sustained inverted swimming during the bottom phase of the dive. A controlled exposure to simulated mid-frequency active sonar (3.5–4 kHz) was conducted 4 hours after tag deployment, and within 3 minutes of exposure onset, the tagged whale increased swim speed and body movement, and continued to show unusual dive behavior for each of its next three dives, one of each type. These are the first data on the acoustic foraging behavior in this largest beaked whale species, and the first experimental demonstration of a response to simulated sonar.
dc.relation.ispartofScientific Reportsen
dc.rights© 2014 The Authors. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder in order to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectQA Mathematicsen
dc.titleAcoustic and foraging behavior of a Baird’s beaked whale, Berardius bairdii, exposed to simulated sonaren
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Mathematics and Statisticsen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Statisticsen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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