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dc.contributor.authorCross, Catharine Penelope
dc.contributor.authorCampbell, Anne
dc.identifier.citationCross , C P & Campbell , A 2012 , ' The effects of intimacy and target sex on direct aggression: Further evidence ' , Aggressive Behavior , vol. 38 , no. 4 , pp. 272-280 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 18790352
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: d5cc91fd-37f9-4b20-b0af-3d10c9ec1408
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84862313635
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-8110-8408/work/60427425
dc.description.abstractThe effects on aggression of target sex and relationship with the target were investigated using self-report data. One hundred and seventy-four participants (115 female) reported on acts of direct aggression in the last two years towards: intimate partners, known and unknown same-sex targets, and known and unknown opposite-sex targets. Women’s self-reported aggression was higher towards partners than other targets, replicating previous findings regarding women’s intimate partner aggression. Women’s aggression was consistently higher towards same-sex than opposite-sex targets, but the effect of knowing the target was inconsistent. Men’s self-reported aggression was more frequent towards same-sex than opposite-sex targets – including intimate partners – and more frequent towards known than unknown targets. Results are discussed with reference to a partner-specific reduction in women’s fear, and sex differences in threshold for classifying someone as ‘known well.’ Limitations of the present sample and suggestions for future work are discussed.
dc.relation.ispartofAggressive Behavioren
dc.rights© 2013 The Authors. This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: The effects of intimacy and target sex on direct aggression: Further evidence Cross, C. P. & Campbell, A. Aug 2012 In : Aggressive behavior. 38, 4, p. 272-280 which has been published in final form at
dc.subjectSex differencesen
dc.subjectTarget sexen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleThe effects of intimacy and target sex on direct aggression: Further evidenceen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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