The GAPS programme with HARPS-N at TNG I. Observations of the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect and characterisation of the transiting system Qatar-1
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Context. Our understanding of the formation and evolution of planetary systems is still fragmentary because most of the current data provide limited information about the orbital structure and dynamics of these systems. The knowledge of the orbital properties for a variety of systems and at different ages yields information on planet migration and on star-planet tidal interaction mechanisms. Aims. In this context, a long-term, multi-purpose, observational programme has started with HARPS-N at TNG and aims to characterise the global architectural properties of exoplanetary systems. The goal of this first paper is to fully characterise the orbital properties of the transiting system Qatar-1 as well as the physical properties of the star and the planet. Methods. We exploit HARPS-N high-precision radial velocity measurements obtained during a transit to measure the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect in the Qatar-1 system, and out-of-transit measurements to redetermine the spectroscopic orbit. New photometric-transit light-curves were analysed and a spectroscopic characterisation of the host star atmospheric parameters was performed based on various methods (line equivalent width ratios, spectral synthesis, spectral energy distribution). Results. We achieved a significant improvement in the accuracy of the orbital parameters and derived the spin-orbit alignment of the system; this information, combined with the spectroscopic determination of the host star properties (rotation, Teff, log g, metallicity), allows us to derive the fundamental physical parameters for star and planet (masses and radii). The orbital solution for the Qatar-1 system is consistent with a circular orbit and the system presents a sky-projected obliquity of λ = − 8.4 ± 7.1 deg. The planet, with a mass of 1.33 ± 0.05 MJ, is found to be significantly more massive than previously reported. The host star is confirmed to be metal-rich ([Fe/H] = 0.20 ± 0.10) and slowly rotating (v sin I = 1.7 ± 0.3 km s-1, though moderately active, as indicated by the strong chromospheric emission in the Ca II H&K line cores (log R'HK ≈ -4.60). Conclusions. We find that the system is well aligned and fits well within the general lambda versus Teff trend. We can definitely rule out any significant orbital eccentricity. The evolutionary status of the system is inferred based on gyrochronology, and the present orbital configuration and timescale for orbital decay are discussed in terms of star-planet tidal interactions.
Covino , E , Esposito , M , Barbieri , M , Mancini , L , Nascimbeni , V , Claudi , R , Desidera , S , Gratton , R , Lanza , A F , Sozzetti , A , Biazzo , K , Affer , L , Gandolfi , D , Munari , U , Pagano , I , Bonomo , A S , Cameron , A C , Hebrard , G , Maggio , A , Messina , S , Micela , G , Molinari , E , Pepe , F , Piotto , G , Ribas , I , Santos , N C , Southworth , J , Shkolnik , E , Triaud , A H M J , Bedin , L , Benatti , S , Boccato , C , Bonavita , M , Borsa , F , Borsato , L , Brown , D , Carolo , E , Ciceri , S , Cosentino , R , Damasso , M , Faedi , F , Martinez Fiorenzano , A F , Latham , D W , Lovis , C , Mordasini , C , Nikolov , N , Poretti , E , Rainer , M , Rebolo Lopez , R , Scandariato , G , Silvotti , R , Smareglia , R , Alcala , J M , Cunial , A , Di Fabrizio , L , Di Mauro , M P , Giacobbe , P , Granata , V , Harutyunyan , A , Knapic , C , Lattanzi , M , Leto , G , Lodato , G , Malavolta , L , Marzari , F , Molinaro , M , Nardiello , D , Pedani , M , Prisinzano , L & Turrini , D 2013 , ' The GAPS programme with HARPS-N at TNG I. Observations of the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect and characterisation of the transiting system Qatar-1 ' Astronomy & Astrophysics , vol 554 , 28 . DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201321298
Astronomy & Astrophysics
© ESO, 2013. Reproduced with permission from Astronomy & Astrophysics, © ESO.
This work has been partially supported by PRIN-INAF 2010. V.N. and G.P. acknowledge partial support by the Universitá di Padova through the “progetto di Ateneo” #CPDA103591. N.C.S. acknowledges the support by the European Research Council/European Community under the FP7 through Starting Grant agreement number 239953, as well as from Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) through program Ciência 2007 funded by FCT/MCTES (Portugal) and POPH/FSE (EC), and in the form of grants reference PTDC/CTE-AST/098528/2008 and PTDC/CTE-AST/120251/2010. I.R. acknowledges financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) and the “Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional” (FEDER) through grants AYA2009-06934 and AYA2012-39612-C03-01. A.T. is supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation fellowship number PBGEP2_145594.