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dc.contributor.authorCecil, Joanne Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorMcHale, Calum Thomas
dc.contributor.authorHart, Jo
dc.contributor.authorLaidlaw, Anita Helen
dc.identifier.citationCecil , J E , McHale , C T , Hart , J & Laidlaw , A H 2014 , ' Behaviour and burnout in medical students ' , Medical Education Online , vol. 19 , 25209 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 138499588
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: b9c9c559-6457-465c-b403-867083996014
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84927686054
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-1214-4100/work/59698706
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-9274-7261/work/60196511
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-4779-6037/work/60196856
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000340880600001
dc.descriptionDate of Acceptance: 28/07/2014en
dc.description.abstractBackground: Burnout is prevalent in doctors and can impact on job dissatisfaction and patient care. In medical students, burnout is associated with poorer self-rated health; however, it is unclear what factors influence its development. This study investigated whether health behaviours predict burnout in medical students. Methods: Medical students (n=356) at the Universities of St Andrews and Manchester completed an online questionnaire assessing: emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP), personal accomplishment (PA), alcohol use, physical activity, diet, and smoking. Results: Approximately 55% (54.8%) of students reported high levels of EE, 34% reported high levels of DP, and 46.6% reported low levels of PA. Linear regression analysis revealed that year of study, physical activity, and smoking status significantly predicted EE whilst gender, year of study, and institution significantly predicted DP. PA was significantly predicted by alcohol binge score, year of study, gender, and physical activity. Conclusions: Burnout is present in undergraduate medical students in the United Kingdom, and health behaviours, particularly physical activity, predict components of burnout. Gender, year of study, and institution also appear to influence the prevalence of burnout. Encouraging medical students to make healthier lifestyle choices early in their medical training may reduce the likelihood of the development of burnout.
dc.relation.ispartofMedical Education Onlineen
dc.rightsMedical Education Online 2014. Copyright 2014 Jo Cecil et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0 License (, allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license.en
dc.subjectMedical studentsen
dc.subjectPhysical activityen
dc.subjectR Medicine (General)en
dc.titleBehaviour and burnout in medical studentsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Medicineen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Higher Education Researchen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Health Psychologyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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