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dc.contributor.authorBeaton, Laura
dc.contributor.authorFreeman, Ruth
dc.contributor.authorHumphris, Gerald Michael
dc.identifier.citationBeaton , L , Freeman , R & Humphris , G M 2014 , ' Why are people afraid of the dentist? Observations and explanations ' , Medical Principles and Practice , vol. 23 , no. 4 .
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-4601-8834/work/64033840
dc.description.abstractObjective: The aim of this review was to explore the peer reviewed literature to answer the question: ‘Why are people afraid of the dentist?’ Method: Relevant literature was identified by searching the following on-line databases: PubMed, PsycInfo, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. Publications were extracted if they explored the causes and consequences of dental fear, dental anxiety or dental phobia. Results: The research evidence suggests that the causes of dental fear, dental anxiety or dental phobia are related to exogenous factors such as direct learning from traumatic experiences, vicarious learning through significant others and the media, and endogenous factors such as inheritance and personality traits. Each individual aetiological factor is supported by the evidence provided. Conclusions: The evidence suggests that the aetiology of dental fear, anxiety or phobia is complex and multifactorial. The findings show that there are clear practical implications indicated by the existing research in this area: a better understanding of dental fear, anxiety and phobia may prevent treatment avoidance.
dc.relation.ispartofMedical Principles and Practiceen
dc.subjectDental anxietyen
dc.subjectDental phobiaen
dc.subjectRK Dentistryen
dc.titleWhy are people afraid of the dentist? Observations and explanationsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Medicineen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. St Andrews Sustainability Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Health Psychologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. WHO Collaborating Centre for International Child & Adolescent Health Policyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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