Re-evaluation and extension of the Marine Isotope Stage 5 tephrostratigraphy of the Faroe Islands region : The cryptotephra record
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Abstract Previous studies of marine sequences from the Faroe Islands region have identified a series of coarse-grained tephra horizons deposited during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5. Here we reassess the MIS 5 tephrostratigraphy of the Faroe Islands region and focus on the cryptotephra deposits preserved within the fine-grained fraction of marine core LINK 16. We also extend the record to encompass the late MIS 6 and early MIS 4 periods. A density separation technique, commonly used for tephra investigations in lacustrine settings but rarely applied to marine sediments, is utilised to explore the fine-grained material and EPMA and LA-ICP-MS are employed to determine the major and trace element composition of individual tephra shards. In total, 3 basaltic and 3 rhyolitic Icelandic cryptotephra deposits with homogeneous geochemical compositions are identified — all of which have the potential to act as isochronous tie-lines. Geochemical results highlight that the Grímsvötn volcanic system of Iceland is the predominant source of the basaltic horizons and the Öraefajökull or Torfajökull systems are the likely sources of the rhyolitic deposits. Three of the horizons have been previously recognised in Faroe Islands region marine sequences, with two of these deposits traceable into a Norwegian Sea sequence. An early MIS 4 rhyolitic horizon is the most widespread deposit as it can be traced into the Norwegian Sea and to the south into a record from the Rockall Trough. Basaltic and rhyolitic horizons deposited during late MIS 6 have not been recognised in other sequences and represent new additions to the regional tephrostratigraphy.
Abbott , P M , Austin , W E N , Davies , S M , Pearce , N J G , Rasmussen , T L , Wastegård , S & Brendryen , J 2014 , ' Re-evaluation and extension of the Marine Isotope Stage 5 tephrostratigraphy of the Faroe Islands region : The cryptotephra record ' , Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology , vol. 409 , pp. 153-168 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.05.004
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
© 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/)
DescriptionPMA, SMD, WENA and NJGP are supported by NERC through the SMART project (NE/F020600/1, NE/F02116X/1, NE/F021445/1). The research leading to the results for the MIS 4 and 5a tephra horizons has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) / ERC grant agreement n° . PMA, SMD and NJGP acknowledge the support of the Climate Change Consortium of Wales (C3W). JB is funded by the Research Council of Norway through the INTERACT project (project no. 221999).
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