Rearrangements in the indolo[2,3-b]quinoline system : a novel approach to the synthesis of perophoramidine and the communesins
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This thesis describes investigations directed towards developing a novel synthetic route to the natural products perophoramidine and the communesins, with particular emphasis placed on the formation of the two vicinal all-carbon quaternary centres contained in these molecules. Chapter 1 introduces perophoramidine and the communesin group of natural products and explains how they are related to the calycanthaceous alkaloids. The isolation of perophoramidine and the communesins is outlined and their biosynthesis is discussed. Specific structural features of these natural products are highlighted before established synthetic strategies are reviewed. Chapter 1 concludes by proposing a novel synthetic route for the synthesis of perophoramidine and the communesins that involves a Claisen rearrangement in the indolo[2,3-b]quinoline system as a key step. Chapter 2 describes model studies on the proposed Claisen rearrangement in an attempt to form a quaternary centre in the indolo[2,3-b]quinoline system. These initial studies did not result in the generation of the desired quaternary centre. However, a detailed understanding of the reactions that occur leads to the design of a new model substrate. Chapter 3 describes studies on the revised model system that result in the formation of the desired quaternary centre using a Claisen rearrangement. The differences between the two systems are discussed before an investigation into the scope of the rearrangement is described. Chapter 3 concludes by describing an investigation into a protecting group strategy that would by required with this synthetic route. Chapter 4 describes investigations into the formation of the second vicinal quaternary centre using a model system. The synthetic routes investigated lead to two separate methods for the formation of the desired quaternary centre. Chapter 5 describes investigations into the effect a C-10 substituent has on the Claisen rearrangement. Additionally, an asymmetric version of the Claisen rearrangement is examined. Chapter 5 culminates in the preparation of an intermediate relevant to an asymmetric synthesis of the communesins.
Thesis, PhD Doctor of Philosophy
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