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dc.contributor.authorNi, Chengyuan
dc.contributor.authorZhou, Huaiying
dc.contributor.authorWang, Zhongmin
dc.contributor.authorYao, Qingrong
dc.contributor.authorLu, Lanying
dc.date.accessioned2014-05-30T15:31:01Z
dc.date.available2014-05-30T15:31:01Z
dc.date.issued2014-03-01
dc.identifier.citationNi , C , Zhou , H , Wang , Z , Yao , Q & Lu , L 2014 , ' Effect of electrolytes on electrochemical properties of MmNi(5)-based hydrogen storage alloy ' , International journal of electrochemical science , vol. 9 , no. 5 , pp. 2397-2409 .en
dc.identifier.issn1452-3981
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 123115871
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 15987dfb-09ce-43a3-af41-99be441f4236
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000334492800016
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84897621457
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10023/4830
dc.descriptionThis Project is financially supported by the National Natural Foundations of China (51261003), the Natural Foundations of Guangxi Province (2012GXNSFGA060002; 2011GXNSFD018004; 201201ZD009) Guangxi Experiment center of information science (20130113) and National students’ Innovative Project (101059530) and National students’ Innovative Project (101059530).en
dc.description.abstractThe effect of electrolytes on the electrochemical properties of MmNi(3.68)Co(0.72)Mn(0.43)Al(0.17) hydrogen storage alloy electrodes has been investigated at 303 K and 273 K. Three electrolytes (EL1, EL2, EL3) were obtained by adding 2 wt%, 4 wt% and 6 wt% LiOH into the original electrolyte EO (6 M/ L KOH), respectively. The results indicate that the addition of LiOH improves the discharge capacity and cycle life at 303 K and 273 K. The highest maximum capacity and capacity retention (after 50th cycles) have been observed in electrolyte EL2. However, the high-rate dischargeability (HRD) decreases gradually from EO to EL3 at the two temperatures because of the addition of LiOH. The corrosion current I-corr from Tafel Polarization curves (TP) and the resistance of the oxide layer R-ol from electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) indicates that the alloy electrode worked in EL1 has a better anti-corrosion ability. The real surface area of the electrodes estimated with EIS analysis, decrease from 51.95 cm(2) in EO to 15.6 cm(2) in EL2, but increase to 31.59 cm(2) in EL3 after being fully activated. The additional LiOH improves the anti-pulverization ability of alloy powders, delay the loss of active elements within the alloy electrode, resulting in an inproved capacity retention of alloy electrode. Meanwhile, the electrochemical kinetics analysis suggests that the charge-transfer reaction at the interface of electrode surface and electrolyte is the rate-determining step when tested at 303 K and 273 K.
dc.format.extent13
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofInternational journal of electrochemical scienceen
dc.rights© 2014 The Authors. Published by ESG (www.electrochemsci.org). This article is an open accessarticle distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).en
dc.subjectHydrogen storage alloyen
dc.subjectElectrolyteen
dc.subjectPulverization characteristicen
dc.subjectCapacity degradationen
dc.subjectElectrochemical kineticsen
dc.subjectNI-MH batteriesen
dc.subjectRare-earth contenten
dc.subjectImpedance spectroscopyen
dc.subjectDischarge behavioren
dc.subjectLioh pretreatmenten
dc.subjectNI/MH batteriesen
dc.subjectH-2 Absorptionen
dc.subjectElectrodesen
dc.subjectLanisen
dc.subjectTemperatureen
dc.subjectQD Chemistryen
dc.subject.lccQDen
dc.titleEffect of electrolytes on electrochemical properties of MmNi(5)-based hydrogen storage alloyen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Chemistryen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.electrochemsci.org/papers/vol9/90502397.pdfen


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