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dc.contributor.authorFuellekrug, Martin
dc.contributor.authorKolmasova, Ivana
dc.contributor.authorSantolik, Ondrej
dc.contributor.authorFarges, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorBor, Jozsef
dc.contributor.authorBennett, Alec
dc.contributor.authorParrot, Michel
dc.contributor.authorRison, William
dc.contributor.authorZanotti, Ferruccio
dc.contributor.authorArnone, Enrico
dc.contributor.authorMezentsev, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorLan, Radek
dc.contributor.authorUhlir, Ludek
dc.contributor.authorHarrison, Giles
dc.contributor.authorSoula, Serge
dc.contributor.authorvan der Velde, Oscar
dc.contributor.authorPincon, Jean-Louis
dc.contributor.authorHelling, Christiane
dc.contributor.authorDiver, Declan
dc.identifier.citationFuellekrug , M , Kolmasova , I , Santolik , O , Farges , T , Bor , J , Bennett , A , Parrot , M , Rison , W , Zanotti , F , Arnone , E , Mezentsev , A , Lan , R , Uhlir , L , Harrison , G , Soula , S , van der Velde , O , Pincon , J-L , Helling , C & Diver , D 2013 , ' Electron acceleration above thunderclouds ' , Environmental Research Letters , vol. 8 , no. 3 , 035027 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 116339969
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: e661ef34-9ff2-47bc-9a5c-0ac34fc36eb8
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000325247100072
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84885466270
dc.descriptionThe work of MF andAMis sponsored by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) under grant NE/H024921/1. IK, OS, RL, and LU are supported by the international cooperation program of the ASCR grant M10042120 and by the GACR project 205-09-1253. JB is supported by the Earth-system project TAMOP-4.2.2.C-11/1/KONV-2012-0015 sponsored by the EU and European Social Foundation. OV is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation under project AYA2011-29936-C05-04. ChH acknowledges an ERC starting grant from the European Union.en
dc.description.abstractThe acceleration of electrons results in observable electromagnetic waves which can be used for remote sensing. Here, we make use of similar to 4 Hz-66 MHz radio waves emitted by two consecutive intense positive lightning discharges to investigate their impact on the atmosphere above a thundercloud. It is found that the first positive lightning discharge initiates a sprite where electrons are accelerated during the exponential growth and branching of the sprite streamers. This preconditioned plasma above the thundercloud is subsequently exposed to a second positive lightning discharge associated with a bouncing-wave discharge. This discharge process causes a re-brightening of the existing sprite streamers above the thundercloud and initiates a subsequent relativistic electron beam.
dc.relation.ispartofEnvironmental Research Lettersen
dc.rights(c) The Author(s) 2013. Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.en
dc.subjectAtmospheric electricityen
dc.subjectElectromagnetic wave propagationen
dc.subjectGamma-ray flashesen
dc.subjectRunaway breakdownen
dc.subjectQC Physicsen
dc.titleElectron acceleration above thundercloudsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.sponsorEuropean Research Councilen
dc.contributor.sponsorScience & Technology Facilities Councilen
dc.contributor.sponsorScience & Technology Facilities Councilen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Physics and Astronomyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden
dc.identifier.grantnumber257431 257431en

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