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dc.contributor.authorHerrmann, Esther
dc.contributor.authorHare, Brian
dc.contributor.authorCall, Josep
dc.contributor.authorTomasello, Michael
dc.identifier.citationHerrmann , E , Hare , B , Call , J & Tomasello , M 2010 , ' Differences in the cognitive skills of bonobos and chimpanzees ' , PLoS One , vol. 5 , no. 8 , e12438 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 104087280
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 44261940-f310-4e5c-8e69-4aa937c0a231
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000281301500007
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 77957893946
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-8597-8336/work/37477796
dc.description.abstractWhile bonobos and chimpanzees are both genetically and behaviorally very similar, they also differ in significant ways. Bonobos are more cautious and socially tolerant while chimpanzees are more dependent on extractive foraging, which requires tools. The similarities suggest the two species should be cognitively similar while the behavioral differences predict where the two species should differ cognitively. We compared both species on a wide range of cognitive problems testing their understanding of the physical and social world. Bonobos were more skilled at solving tasks related to theory of mind or an understanding of social causality, while chimpanzees were more skilled at tasks requiring the use of tools and an understanding of physical causality. These species differences support the role of ecological and socio-ecological pressures in shaping cognitive skills over relatively short periods of evolutionary time.
dc.relation.ispartofPLoS Oneen
dc.rights© 2010 Herrmann et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.en
dc.subjectApes Pan-Paniscusen
dc.subjectGreat apesen
dc.titleDifferences in the cognitive skills of bonobos and chimpanzeesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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