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dc.contributor.authorBlinkhorn, Fiona
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Ngiare
dc.contributor.authorFreeman, Ruth
dc.contributor.authorHumphris, Gerald Michael
dc.contributor.authorMartin, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorBlinkhorn, Andy
dc.identifier.citationBlinkhorn , F , Brown , N , Freeman , R , Humphris , G M , Martin , A & Blinkhorn , A 2012 , ' A phase II clinical trial of a dental health education program delivered by aboriginal health workers to prevent early childhood caries ' , BMC Public Health , vol. 12 , 681 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 26846386
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 380ae72b-98ce-4587-9659-a78c7e149937
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84870878677
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-4601-8834/work/64033876
dc.description.abstractBackground: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is a widespread problem in Australian Aboriginal communities causing severe pain and sepsis. In addition dental services are difficult to access for many Aboriginal children and trying to obtain care can be stressful for the parents. The control of dental caries has been identified as a key indictor in the reduction of Indigenous disadvantage. Thus, there is a need for new approaches to prevent ECC, which reflect the cultural norms of Aboriginal communities. Methods: This is a Phase II single arm trial designed to gather information on the effectiveness of a dental health education program for Aboriginal children aged 6 months, followed over 2 years. The program will deliver advice from Aboriginal Health Workers on tooth brushing, diet and the use of fluoride toothpaste to Aboriginal families. Six waves of data collection will be conducted to enable estimates of change in parental knowledge and their views on the acceptability of the program. The Aboriginal Health Workers will also be interviewed to record their views on the acceptability and program feasibility. Clinical data on the child participants will be recorded when they are 30 months old and compared with a reference population of similar children when the study began. Latent variable modeling will be used to interpret the intervention effects on disease outcome. Discussion: The research project will identify barriers to the implementation of a family centered Aboriginal oral health strategy, as well as the development of evidence to assist in the planning of a Phase III cluster randomized study. Trial registration: ACTRN12612000712808
dc.relation.ispartofBMC Public Healthen
dc.rights© 2012 Blinkhorn et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectOral healthen
dc.subjectAboriginal familiesen
dc.subjectHealth promotionen
dc.titleA phase II clinical trial of a dental health education program delivered by aboriginal health workers to prevent early childhood cariesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Medicineen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. St Andrews Sustainability Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Health Psychologyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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