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dc.contributor.authorCross, Catharine Penelope
dc.contributor.authorCyrenne, De-Laine McGowan
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Gillian Ruth
dc.date.accessioned2013-09-02T15:01:02Z
dc.date.available2013-09-02T15:01:02Z
dc.date.issued2013-08-30
dc.identifier.citationCross , C P , Cyrenne , D-L M & Brown , G R 2013 , ' Sex differences in sensation-seeking : a meta-analysis ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 3 , 2486 . https://doi.org/10.1038/srep02486en
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 65305720
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 97dcc089-b5e8-4113-b4c3-865cb9465ddc
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84884186042
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000323695400001
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-0675-0780/work/60195753
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-8110-8408/work/60427430
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10023/4032
dc.description.abstractMen score higher than women on measures of sensation-seeking, defined as a willingness to engage in novel or intense activities. This sex difference has been explained in terms of evolved psychological mechanisms or culturally transmitted social norms. We investigated whether sex differences in sensation-seeking have changed over recent years by conducting a meta-analysis of studies using Zuckerman's Sensation Seeking Scale, version V (SSS-V). We found that sex differences in total SSS-V scores have remained stable across years, as have sex differences in Disinhibition and Boredom Susceptibility. In contrast, the sex difference in Thrill and Adventure Seeking has declined, possibly due to changes in social norms or out-dated questions on this sub-scale. Our results support the view that men and women differ in their propensity to report sensation-seeking characteristics, while behavioural manifestations of sensation-seeking vary over time. Sex differences in sensation-seeking could reflect genetically influenced predispositions interacting with socially transmitted information.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofScientific Reportsen
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/en
dc.subjectEvolutionary developmental biologyen
dc.subjectMotivationen
dc.subjectPsychologyen
dc.subjectAddictionen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.subject.lccBFen
dc.titleSex differences in sensation-seeking : a meta-analysisen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1038/srep02486
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden


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