Self-assembled monolayers on silicon : deposition and surface chemistry
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Fabrication of surfaces with versatile functional groups is an important research area. Hence, it is essential to control and tune the surface properties in a reliable manner. Vinyl-terminated self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) offer significant flexibility for further chemical modification and can serve as a versatile starting point for tailoring of surface properties. Here a synthetic route for the preparation of vinyl-terminated trichlorosilane self-assembling molecules: 9-decenyltrichlorosilane (CH₂=CH-(CH₂)₈-SiCl₃), 10-undecenyltrichlorosilane (CH₂=CH-(CH₂)₉-SiCl₃), and 14-pentadecenyltrichlorosilane (CH₂=CH-(CH₂)₁₃-SiCl₃) is presented. These molecules were used for the preparation of SAMs in either liquid or vapour phase processes. Commercially available methyl-terminated self-assembling molecules: decyltrichlorosilane (CH₃-(CH₂)₉-SiCl₃) and octadecanetrichlorosilane (CH₃-(CH₂)₁₇-SiCl₃) were used as controls. The resultant films were characterised by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), contact angle analysis, ellipsometry, and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Well defined, vinyl-terminated SAMs were further chemically modified with carbenes (:CCl₂, :CBr₂, :CF₂) and hexafluoroacetone azine (HFAA). The reactions were performed in the liquid or the vapour phase. The resulting SAMs were characterised using the same methods as for the vinyl-terminated monolayers. Successful modification was confirmed by the appearance of new signals in the XPS spectrum, with simultaneous changes in water contact angle values and unchanged thickness values. Methyl-terminated SAMs were also exposed to carbenes and HFAA as a control system. These are the first examples of C-C bond formation on SAMs in the vapour phase.
Thesis, PhD Doctor of Philosophy
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