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dc.contributor.authorHollis, Karen
dc.contributor.authorGuillette, Lauren
dc.identifier.citationHollis , K & Guillette , L 2011 , ' Associative learning in insects : evolutionary models, mushroom bodies, and a neuroscientific conundrum ' , Comparative Cognition & Behavior Reviews , vol. 6 , pp. 24-245 .en
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 49564470
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 2efee509-aa3d-4a2c-bdc3-d52f52787ea2
dc.description.abstractEnvironmental predictability has for many years been posited to be a key variable in whether learning is expected to evolve in particular species, a claim revisited in two recent papers. However, amongst many researchers, especially neuroscientists, consensus is building for a very different view, namely that learning ability may be an emergent property of nervous systems and, thus, all animals with nervous systems should be able to learn. Here we explore these differing views, sample research on associative learning in insects, and review our own work demonstrating learning in larval antlions (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae), a highly unlikely insect candidate. We conclude by asserting that the capacity for associative learning is the default condition favored by neuroscientists: Whenever selection pressures favor evolution of nervous systems, the capacity for associative learning follows ipso facto. Nonetheless, to reconcile these disparate views, we suggest that (a) models for the evolution of learning may instead be models for conditions overriding behavioral plasticity; and, (b) costs of learning in insects may be, in fact, costs associated with more complex cognitive skills, skills that are just beginning to be discovered, rather than simple associative learning.
dc.relation.ispartofComparative Cognition & Behavior Reviewsen
dc.rights(c) The authors, published by Comparative Cognition Societyen
dc.subjectinsect learningen
dc.subjectinvertebrate learningen
dc.subjectassociative learningen
dc.subjectinsect behavioren
dc.subjectsit-and wait predationen
dc.subjectQL Zoologyen
dc.subjectQH Natural historyen
dc.titleAssociative learning in insects : evolutionary models, mushroom bodies, and a neuroscientific conundrumen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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