Synthesis and characterisation of dithiolato complexes with platinum group metals
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The interest in biosensors can be attributed to the first described enzyme containing sensor used to detect levels of glucose in 1962. Although research into biosensors was initially slow to pick up, the field has become increasingly popular and research has been widespread for the last 20 years. The continuing research into biosensors is crucial as this will improve current devices to become smaller, faster and more economical and yield new biosensors. This thesis is mostly concerned with the development of an integral component of a biosensor, the redox mediator. Complexes of ruthenium incorporating electron rich sulfur-donor ligands such as naphthalenedithiol should possess interesting redox qualities which could be used to produce better mediators. A second area covered in this thesis is in the structural studies of a series of iridium and rhodium complexes. Two classes of ruthenium complexes with sulfur-donor ligands have been prepared. The first class incorporates the ruthenium bis-bipyridine moiety while the second contains pentamethylcyclopentadienyl ruthenium. Most complexes synthesised exhibited reversible oxidation waves in the region of -0.1 to 0.2 V vs. Ag/Ag⁺. Their possible use as redox mediators was hindered by several factors, particularly difficulties in purification. They also exhibited oxygen sensitivity and low stability when in solution.The second area covered in this thesis is to further understand the bonding of the ligands used in the above study. A series of pentamethylcyclopentadienyl iridium and rhodium complexes were synthesised with three different dithiolato ligands. Two of the three ligands studies produced structures that included more than one metal centre leading to straining of the ligand. In order to study the monomeric form, the clusters were opened with a neutral phosphine ligand. Both the Ir…S and Rh…S bond lengths of all the complexes were within expected parameters.
Thesis, PhD Doctor of Philosophy
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