Mechanistic insights into the triazolylidene-catalysed Stetter and benzoin reactions : role of the N-aryl substituent
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The in situ observation, isolation and reversible formation of intermediate 3-(hydroxybenzyl) azolium salts derived from NHC addition to a range of substituted benzaldehydes is probed. Equilibrium constants for the formation of these 3-(hydroxybenzyl) azolium salts, as well as rate constants of hydrogen-deuterium exchange (k(ex)) at C(alpha) of these intermediates for a range of N-aryl triazolinylidenes is reported. These combined studies give insight into the preference of N-pentafluorophenyl NHCs to participate in benzoin and Stetter reaction processes.
Collett , C J , Massey , R S , Maguire , O R , Batsanov , A S , O'Donoghue , A C & Smith , A D 2013 , ' Mechanistic insights into the triazolylidene-catalysed Stetter and benzoin reactions : role of the N-aryl substituent ' Chemical Science , vol 4 , no. 4 , pp. 1514-1522 . DOI: 10.1039/c2sc22137c
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