The University of St Andrews

Research@StAndrews:FullText >
University of St Andrews Research >
University of St Andrews Research >
University of St Andrews Research >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
This item has been viewed 10 times in the last year. View Statistics

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
PhilTransB2012ProductionPerception367.pdf1.71 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: Production and perception rules underlying visual patterns : effects of symmetry and hierarchy
Authors: Westphal, Gesche
Huber, Ludwig
Gomez, Juan-Carlos
Fitch, William Tecumseh Sherman
Keywords: BF Psychology
QH301 Biology
Issue Date: 19-Jul-2012
Citation: Westphal , G , Huber , L , Gomez , J-C & Fitch , W T S 2012 , ' Production and perception rules underlying visual patterns : effects of symmetry and hierarchy ' Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. B, Biological Sciences , vol 367 , no. 1598 , pp. 2007-2022 . , 10.1098/rstb.2012.0098
Abstract: Formal language theory has been extended to two-dimensional patterns, but little is known about two-dimensional pattern perception. We first examined spontaneous two-dimensional visual pattern production by humans, gathered using a novel touch screen approach. Both spontaneous creative production and subsequent aesthetic ratings show that humans prefer ordered, symmetrical patterns over random patterns. We then further explored pattern-parsing abilities in different human groups, and compared them with pigeons. We generated visual plane patterns based on rules varying in complexity. All human groups tested, including children and individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), were able to detect violations of all production rules tested. Our ASD participants detected pattern violations with the same speed and accuracy as matched controls. Children's ability to detect violations of a relatively complex rotational rule correlated with age, whereas their ability to detect violations of a simple translational rule did not. By contrast, even with extensive training, pigeons were unable to detect orientation-based structural violations, suggesting that, unlike humans, they did not learn the underlying structural rules. Visual two-dimensional patterns offer a promising new formally-grounded way to investigate pattern production and perception in general, widely applicable across species and age groups.
Version: Publisher PDF
Status: Peer reviewed
ISSN: 0962-8436
Type: Journal article
Rights: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Appears in Collections:University of St Andrews Research
Psychology & Neuroscience Research
Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution Research
Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciences Research

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.


DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2012  Duraspace - Feedback
For help contact: | Copyright for this page belongs to St Andrews University Library | Terms and Conditions (Cookies)