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dc.contributor.authorShi, Ting
dc.contributor.authorMillington, Tristan
dc.contributor.authorRobertson, Chris
dc.contributor.authorJeffrey, Karen
dc.contributor.authorKatikireddi , Srinivasa Vittal
dc.contributor.authorMcCowan, Colin
dc.contributor.authorSimpson, Colin R
dc.contributor.authorWoolford, Lana
dc.contributor.authorDaines, Luke
dc.contributor.authorKerr, Steven
dc.contributor.authorSwallow, Ben
dc.contributor.authorFagbamigbe, Adeniyi
dc.contributor.authorVallejos, Catalina A
dc.contributor.authorWeatherill, David
dc.contributor.authorJayacodi, Sandra
dc.contributor.authorMarsh, Kimberly
dc.contributor.authorMcMenamin, Jim
dc.contributor.authorRudan, Igor
dc.contributor.authorRitchie, Lewis Duthie
dc.contributor.authorMueller, Tanja
dc.contributor.authorKurdi, Amanj
dc.contributor.authorSheikh, Aziz
dc.contributor.authorPublic Health Scotland and the EAVE II Collaborators
dc.identifier.citationShi , T , Millington , T , Robertson , C , Jeffrey , K , Katikireddi , S V , McCowan , C , Simpson , C R , Woolford , L , Daines , L , Kerr , S , Swallow , B , Fagbamigbe , A , Vallejos , C A , Weatherill , D , Jayacodi , S , Marsh , K , McMenamin , J , Rudan , I , Ritchie , L D , Mueller , T , Kurdi , A , Sheikh , A & Public Health Scotland and the EAVE II Collaborators 2024 , ' Risk of winter hospitalisation and death from acute respiratory infections in Scotland : national retrospective cohort study ' , Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine , vol. Online First .
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-9466-833X/work/153451482
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-0227-2160/work/153451864
dc.descriptionFunding : This study is funded by the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR). The views expressed are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NIHR or the Department of Health and Social Care. This work also benefits from the infrastructure and partnerships assembled by HDR UK, including through the Data and Connectivity National Core Study, funded by UK Research and Innovation [grant ref MC_PC_20058].en
dc.description.abstractObjectives  We undertook a national analysis to characterise and identify risk factors for acute respiratory infections (ARIs) resulting in hospitalisation during the winter period in Scotland. Design  A population-based retrospective cohort analysis. Setting   Scotland. Participants   5.4 million residents in Scotland. Main outcome measures   Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate adjusted hazard ratios (aHR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between risk factors and ARI hospitalisation. Results   Between September 1, 2022 and January 31, 2023, there were 22,284 (10.9% of 203,549 with any emergency hospitalisation) ARI hospitalisations (1,759 in children and 20,525 in adults) in Scotland. Compared to the reference group of children aged 6-17 years, the risk of ARI hospitalisation was higher in children aged 3-5 years (aHR=4.55 95%CI (4.11-5.04)). Compared to 25-29 years old, the risk of ARI hospitalisation was highest amongst the oldest adults aged ≥80 years (7.86 (7.06-8.76)). Adults from more deprived areas (most deprived vs least deprived, 1.64 (1.57-1.72)), with existing health conditions (≥5 vs 0 health conditions, 4.84 (4.53-5.18)) or with history of all-cause emergency admissions (≥6 vs 0 previous emergency admissions 7.53 (5.48-10.35)) were at higher risk of ARI hospitalisations. The risk increased by the number of existing health conditions and previous emergency admission. Similar associations were seen in children. Conclusions   Younger children, older adults, those from more deprived backgrounds and individuals with greater numbers of pre-existing conditions and previous emergency admission were at increased risk for winter hospitalisations for ARI.
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of the Royal Society of Medicineen
dc.subjectHealth informaticsen
dc.subjectRespiratory medicineen
dc.subjectRA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicineen
dc.titleRisk of winter hospitalisation and death from acute respiratory infections in Scotland : national retrospective cohort studyen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sir James Mackenzie Institute for Early Diagnosisen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Population and Behavioural Science Divisionen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Medicineen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Statisticsen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Research into Ecological & Environmental Modellingen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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