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dc.contributor.advisorWatson, Allan John Bell
dc.contributor.authorAshford, Matthew
dc.description.abstractThis thesis describes investigations into the chiral phosphoric acid-catalyzed aza-Michael addition-asymmetric protonation between arylamines and various α-substituted vinylheterocycles. Initially, research focused on the development of optimal reaction conditions for the aza-Michael addition-asymmetric protonation reaction of arylamines and fluorovinylheterocycles, furnishing heterocyclic phenethylamine products containing benzylic stereocentres with a carbon-fluorine bond in good yields (up to 95%) and enantioselectivity (up to >99:1 e.r.). Investigation into the asymmetric protonation step was carried out through DFT calculations and kinetic experiments, this provided evidence for a stereocontrolled proton transfer from catalyst to substrate. Additionally, the conformation of the heterocyclic phenethylamine products was explored through DFT calculations and XRD. Chlorovinylheterocycles were also investigated within the aza-Michael addition- asymmetric protonation reaction, furnishing heterocyclic phenethylamine products containing benzylic stereocentres with a carbon-chlorine bond in good yields (up to 99%) and enantioselectivity (up to 99:1 e.r.). Development of a one-pot aza-Michael addition- asymmetric protonation-ring closure reaction was also carried out to furnish chiral heterocyclic aziridines in good yields (up to 81%) and enantioselectivity (up to 97:3 e.r.). Product derivatization of the chiral heterocyclic aziridines furnished chiral vicinal diamines in good yields (up to 84% yield) and enantioselectivity (up to 96:4 e.r.). Catalyst variation experiments showed the importance of steric interactions from the catalyst alkyl groups in enforcing high enantioselectivity.en_US
dc.publisherUniversity of St Andrews
dc.relationAshford, M., Xu, C., Molloy, J. J., Carpenter-Warren, C. L., Slawin, A. M. Z., Leach, A. G., & Watson, A. J. B. (2020). Catalytic enantioselective synthesis of heterocyclic vicinal fluoroamines using asymmetric protonation: a method development and mechanistic study. Chemistry - A European Journal, 26(53), 12249-12255. Advance online publication. [ : Open Access version]en
dc.titleChiral phosphoric acid-catalyzed asymmetric protonation reactions of vinylheteroarylsen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorUniversity of St Andrewsen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US

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