Show simple item record

Files in this item


Item metadata

dc.contributor.authorAbed Al Ahad, Mary
dc.identifier.citationAbed Al Ahad , M 2024 , ' Air pollution reduces the individuals’ life satisfaction through health impairment ' , Applied Research in Quality of Life , vol. Early View .
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-9006-730X/work/152318756
dc.descriptionFunding: This paper was funded by the Royal Society of Edinburgh (RSE) Saltire Early Career Fellow- ships grant (RSE Reference Number: 1846).en
dc.description.abstractThe impact of air pollution on individuals’ happiness and life satisfaction (LS), and its relationship to other factors became the focus of recent research. Though, the underlying mechanism of how air pollution impacts LS remains unclear. In this study, we examined the direct and indirect effect of air pollution on individuals’ LS through health mediation. We used longitudinal individual-level data from “Understanding-Society: the UK Household-Longitudinal Study” on 59,492 individuals with 347,377 repeated responses across 11 years (2009–2019) that was linked to yearly concentrations of NO2, SO2, and particulate-matter (PM10, PM2.5) pollution. Generalized structural equation models with multilevel ordered-logistic regression were used to examine the direct effect of air pollution on LS and the indirect effect from health impairment. Higher concentrations of NO2 (coefficient = 0.009, 95%CI = 0.007,0.012, p < 0.001), SO2 (coefficient = 0.025, 95%CI = 0.017,0.034, p < 0.001), PM10 (coefficient = 0.019, 95%CI = 0.013,0.025, p < 0.001), and PM2.5 (coefficient = 0.025, 95%CI = 0.017,0.033, p < 0.001) pollutants were associated with poorer health, while poorer health was associated with reduced LS (coefficient = -0.605, 95%CI = -0.614,-0.595, p < 0.001). Mediation path analysis showed that air pollution impacted individuals’ LS directly and indirectly. The percent of total effect mediated through health was 44.03% for NO2, 73.95% for SO2, 49.88% for PM10, and 45.42% for PM2.5 and the ratio of indirect to direct effect was 0.79 for NO2, 2.84 for SO2, 0.99 for PM10, and 0.83 for PM2.5. Health plays a major mediating role in the relationship between air pollution and LS. To alleviate the impact of air pollution on LS, future strategies should focus on health promotion besides reducing air pollution emissions.
dc.relation.ispartofApplied Research in Quality of Lifeen
dc.subjectAir pollutionen
dc.subjectLife satisfactionen
dc.subjectMediating roleen
dc.subjectG Geography (General)en
dc.titleAir pollution reduces the individuals’ life satisfaction through health impairmenten
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.sponsorThe Royal Society of Edinburghen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Population and Health Researchen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record