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dc.contributor.authorHaslam, S. Alexander
dc.contributor.authorReicher, Stephen D.
dc.contributor.authorSelvanathan, Hema Preya
dc.contributor.authorGaffney, Amber
dc.contributor.authorSteffens, Niklas
dc.contributor.authorPacker, Dominic
dc.contributor.authorVan Bavel, Jay
dc.contributor.authorNtontis, Evangelos
dc.contributor.authorNeville, Fergus
dc.contributor.authorVestergren, Sara
dc.contributor.authorJurstakova, Klara
dc.contributor.authorPlatow, Michael
dc.identifier.citationHaslam , S A , Reicher , S D , Selvanathan , H P , Gaffney , A , Steffens , N , Packer , D , Van Bavel , J , Ntontis , E , Neville , F , Vestergren , S , Jurstakova , K & Platow , M 2023 , ' Examining the role of Donald Trump and his supporters in the 2021 assault on the U.S. Capitol : a dual-agency model of identity leadership and engaged followership   ' , The Leadership Quarterly , vol. 34 , no. 2 , 101622 .
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-7377-4507/work/114336028
dc.description.abstractThis article develops a dual-agency model of leadership which treats collective phenomena as a co-production involving both leaders and followers who identify with the same social group. The model integrates work on identity leadership and engaged followership derived from the social identity approach in social psychology. In contrast to binary models which view either leaders or followers as having agency, our model argues that leaders gain influence by defining parameters of action in ways that frame the agency of their followers but leave space for creativity in how collective goals are accomplished. Followers in turn, exhibit their loyalty and attachment to the leader by striving to be effective in advancing these goals, thereby empowering and giving agency to the leader. We illustrate the model primarily through the events of 6th January 2021 when Donald Trump’s exhortations to his supporters that they should ‘fight’ to ‘stop the steal’ of the 2020 election was followed by an attack on the United States’ Capitol. We argue that it is Trump’s willing participation in this mutual process of identity enactment, rather than any instructions contained in his speech, that should be the basis for assessing his influence on, and responsibility for, the assault.
dc.relation.ispartofThe Leadership Quarterlyen
dc.subjectIdentity leadershipen
dc.subjectEngaged followershipen
dc.subjectSocial identityen
dc.subjectDestructive collective actionen
dc.subjectPlausible deniabilityen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleExamining the role of Donald Trump and his supporters in the 2021 assault on the U.S. Capitol : a dual-agency model of identity leadership and engaged followership  en
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Managementen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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