ALMA observations of the Extended Green Object G19.01-0.03 : II. A massive protostar with typical chemical abundances surrounded by four low-mass prestellar core candidates
MetadataShow full item record
We present a study of the physical and chemical properties of the Extended Green Object (EGO) G19.01−0.03 using sub-arcsecond angular resolution Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) 1.05 mm and Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) 1.21 cm data. G19.01−0.03 MM1, the millimetre source associated with the central massive young stellar object (MYSO), appeared isolated and potentially chemically young in previous Submillimeter Array observations. In our ∼0.4″-resolution ALMA data, MM1 has four low-mass millimetre companions within 0.12 pc, all lacking maser or outflow emission, indicating they may be prestellar cores. With a rich ALMA spectrum full of complex organic molecules, MM1 does not appear chemically young, but has molecular abundances typical of high-mass hot cores in the literature. At the 1.05 mm continuum peak of MM1, N(CH3OH) = (2.22 ± 0.01) × 1018 cm−2 and Tex=162.7+0.3−0.5 K based on pixel-by-pixel Bayesian analysis of LTE synthetic methanol spectra across MM1. Intriguingly, the peak CH3OH Tex = 165.5 ± 0.6 K is offset from MM1’s millimetre continuum peak by 0.22″ ∼ 880 AU, and a region of elevated CH3OH Tex coincides with free-free VLA 5.01 cm continuum, adding to the tentative evidence for a possible unresolved high-mass binary in MM1. In our VLA 1.21 cm data, we report the first NH3(3,3) maser detections towards G19.01−0.03, along with candidate 25 GHz CH3OH 5(2, 3) − 5(1, 4) maser emission; both are spatially and kinematically coincident with 44 GHz Class I CH3OH masers in the MM1 outflow. We also report the ALMA detection of candidate 278.3 GHz Class I CH3OH maser emission towards this outflow, strengthening the connection of these three maser types to MYSO outflows.
Williams , G M , Cyganowski , C J , Brogan , C L , Hunter , T R , Nazari , P & Smith , R J 2023 , ' ALMA observations of the Extended Green Object G19.01-0.03 : II. A massive protostar with typical chemical abundances surrounded by four low-mass prestellar core candidates ' , Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society , vol. 525 , no. 4 , pp. 6146-6169 . https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stad2677
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DescriptionFunding: GMW acknowledges support from the UK’s Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) under ST/W00125X/1. CJC acknowledges support from the UK’s STFC under ST/M001296/1. PN acknowledges support by grant 618.000.001 from the Dutch Research Council (NWO) and support by the Danish National Research Foundation through the Center of Excellence "InterCat" (Grant agreement no.: DNRF150).
Items in the St Andrews Research Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.