Roadmap on energy harvesting materials
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Ambient energy harvesting has great potential to contribute to sustainable development and address growing environmental challenges. Converting waste energy from energy-intensive processes and systems (e.g. combustion engines and furnaces) is crucial to reducing their environmental impact and achieving net-zero emissions. Compact energy harvesters will also be key to powering the exponentially growing smart devices ecosystem that is part of the Internet of Things, thus enabling futuristic applications that can improve our quality of life (e.g. smart homes, smart cities, smart manufacturing, and smart healthcare). To achieve these goals, innovative materials are needed to efficiently convert ambient energy into electricity through various physical mechanisms, such as the photovoltaic effect, thermoelectricity, piezoelectricity, triboelectricity, and radiofrequency wireless power transfer. By bringing together the perspectives of experts in various types of energy harvesting materials, this Roadmap provides extensive insights into recent advances and present challenges in the field. Additionally, the Roadmap analyses the key performance metrics of these technologies in relation to their ultimate energy conversion limits. Building on these insights, the Roadmap outlines promising directions for future research to fully harness the potential of energy harvesting materials for green energy anytime, anywhere.
Pecunia , V , Silva , S R P , Phillips , J D , Artegiani , E , Romeo , A , Shim , H , Park , J , Kim , J H , Yun , J S , Welch , G C , Larson , B W , Creran , M , Laventure , A , Sasitharan , K , Flores-Diaz , N , Freitag , M , Xu , J , Brown , T M , Li , B , Wang , Y , Li , Z , Hou , B , Hamadani , B H , Defay , E , Kovacova , V , Glinsek , S , Kar-Narayan , S , Bai , Y , Kim , D B , Cho , Y S , Žukauskaitė , A , Barth , S , Fan , F R , Wu , W , Costa , P , del Campo , J , Lanceros-Mendez , S , Khanbareh , H , Wang , Z L , Pu , X , Pan , C , Zhang , R , Xu , J , Zhao , X , Zhou , Y , Chen , G , Tat , T , Ock , I W , Chen , J , Graham , S A , Yu , J S , Huang , L-Z , Li , D-D , Ma , M-G , Luo , J , Jiang , F , Lee , P S , Dudem , B , Vivekananthan , V , Kanatzidis , M G , Xie , H , Shi , X-L , Chen , Z-G , Riss , A , Parzer , M , Garmroudi , F , Bauer , E , Zavanelli , D , Brod , M K , Malki , M A , Snyder , G J , Kovnir , K , Kauzlarich , S M , Uher , C , Lan , J , Lin , Y-H , Fonseca , L , Morata , A , Martin-Gonzalez , M , Pennelli , G , Berthebaud , D , Mori , T , Quinn , R J , Bos , J-W G , Candolfi , C , Gougeon , P , Gall , P , Lenoir , B , Venkateshvaran , D , Kaestner , B , Zhao , Y , Zhang , G , Nonoguchi , Y , Schroeder , B C , Bilotti , E , Menon , A K , Urban , J J , Fenwick , O , Asker , C , Talin , A A , Anthopoulos , T D , Losi , T , Viola , F , Caironi , M , Georgiadou , D G , Ding , L , Peng , L-M , Wang , Z , Wei , M-D , Negra , R , Lemme , M C , Wagih , M , Beeby , S , Ibn-Mohammed , T , Mustapha , K B & Joshi , A P 2023 , ' Roadmap on energy harvesting materials ' , Journal of Physics: Materials , vol. 6 , no. 4 , 042501 . https://doi.org/10.1088/2515-7639/acc550
Journal of Physics: Materials
Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
DescriptionFunding: M F acknowledges the support by the Royal Society through the University Research Fellowship (URF\R1\191286), Research Grant 2021 (RGS\R1\211321), and EPSRC New Investigator Award (EP\V035819\1). N F-D acknowledges the support by the EU Horizon 2020 MSCA-IF funding, Project 101028536. The authors would like to acknowledge the support from the EPSRC research project Grant EP/S02106X/1 in providing the funding for this work. D Venkateshvaran acknowledges the Royal Society for funding in the form of a Royal Society University Research Fellowship (Royal Society Reference No. URF/R1/201590). The authors acknowledge funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreements No. 101006963 (GreEnergy), 952792 (2D-EPL), 881603 (Graphene Flagship Core 3), 863337 (WiPLASH), and funding from the German Research Foundation (DFG) under project No. 391996624 (HiPeDi), 407080863 (MOSTFLEX), 273177991 (GLECS2).
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