Polarization of magnetospheric ULF waves excited by an interplanetary shock on 27 February 2014
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Many previous studies have reported that magnetospheric ultralow frequency waves excited by interplanetary shocks exhibit a strong toroidal component, corresponding to azimuthal displacement of magnetic field lines. However, the toroidal oscillations excited by an interplanetary shock on 27 February 2014 and observed on the dayside by multiple spacecraft were accompanied by a strong poloidal component (radial field line displacement). The frequency of the toroidal oscillations changed with the radial distance of the spacecraft as expected for standing Alfvén waves. We run a 3-D linear numerical simulation of this wave event using a model magnetosphere with a realistic radial variation of the Alfvén velocity. The simulated wave fields, when sampled at a radial distance comparable to those of the observations in the real magnetosphere, exhibit polarization similar to the observations. In the simulation, the poloidal component comes from radially standing fast mode waves and the toroidal component results from a field line resonance driven by the fast mode waves. As a consequence, the relative amplitude and phase of the toroidal and poloidal components change with radial distance.
Takahashi , K , Elsden , T , Wright , A N & Degeling , A 2023 , ' Polarization of magnetospheric ULF waves excited by an interplanetary shock on 27 February 2014 ' , Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics . https://doi.org/10.1029/2023JA031608
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Copyright © 2023 The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) and The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DescriptionFunding: KT was supported by NASA Grants NNX17AD34G, 80NSSC19K0259, and 80NSSC21K0453. TE was partially funded by Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship ECF-2019-155. ANW was partially funded by the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) Grant (ST/N000609/1). AWD was supported by NSFC Grants 42225405 and NAF\R1\19“1047”.
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