Introduction: Disease reservoirs : from colonial medicine to one health
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The introduction of the special issue “Disease Reservoirs: Anthropological and Historical Approaches” sets out the origins and trajectories of disease reservoir frameworks. First, it charts the emergence and elaborations of the reservoirs concept within and across early 20th-century colonial contexts, emphasising its configuration within imperial projects that sought to identify, map and control spaces of contagion among humans, animals, and pathogens. Following this, it traces the position the reservoir framework assumed within post-colonial practices and imaginaries of global health, with particular reference to the emerging infectious disease paradigm. The introduction shows that, in contemporary usages, while the concept continues to frame animals, humans and their bodies as containers of previously identified pathogens, it also emphasises the imperative of anticipating as-of-yet unknown diseases, harboured in the bodies of certain animals, through networks and techniques of surveillance. Consequently, the introduction argues that the notion of disease reservoirs remains intimately intertwined with concerns over the classification, organization, and management of peoples, pathogens, animals, and space. Finally, the introduction outlines the seven papers that form this special issue, stressing how they dialogue, complement, and challenge previous historical and anthropological approaches to disease reservoirs, with an eye to opening up new avenues for cross-disciplinary exploration.
Alves Duarte Da Silva , M , French , O , Keck , F & Skotnes-Brown , J 2023 , ' Introduction: Disease reservoirs : from colonial medicine to one health ' , Medical Anthropology , vol. 42 , no. 4 , pp. 311-324 . https://doi.org/10.1080/01459740.2023.2214950
Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DescriptionFunding: Research leading to this article by Matheus Alves Duarte da Silva, Oliver French, and Jules Skotnes-Brown was funded by the Wellcome Trust [grant ID 217988/Z/19/Z] for the project “The Global War Against the Rat and the Epistemic Emergence of Zoonosis”. Research leading to this article by Frédéric Keck was funded by the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR) for the project “Human and the Microbiome” and by the French National Research Agency (ANR) for the project “Regulating Wetmarkets in Central China”.
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