Contesting the reservoir : Guarani-Mbya criticisms of zoonosis, race, and dirt in the Jaraguá indigenous land, Brazil
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In Brazil, epidemiological understandings of zoonosis have historically articulated with race and class hierarchies, placing so-called non-modern bodies at the core of etiological theories and sanitary interventions. I describe how the Guarani-Mbya people living in the Jaraguá Indigenous Land in the city of São Paulo question the racialized narratives that human-rat contact is a major driver of infections such as leptospirosis. By analyzing Indigenous concepts of body, disease, and dirt, I suggest that the Guarani-Mbya disease ontology reflects a criticism of urbanization, in that it is considered to have pathogenic effects on the lives of Indigenous peoples and rats.
Silva Santos , B 2023 , ' Contesting the reservoir : Guarani-Mbya criticisms of zoonosis, race, and dirt in the Jaraguá indigenous land, Brazil ' , Medical Anthropology , vol. 42 , no. 4 , pp. 354-368 . https://doi.org/10.1080/01459740.2023.2199356
Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DescriptionResearch leading to this article was funded by the São Paulo Research Foundation, FAPESP [Grant number 19/03297-0] and by the Wellcome Trust [Grant number 223327/Z/21/Z].
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